Welcome!

Search Authors: Elizabeth White, Pat Romanski, Liz McMillan, Jnan Dash, Shelly Palmer

Related Topics: AJAX & REA

AJAX & REA: Article

An A to Z for the RIA Era

Platforms & Web Development Frameworks in 2008

From AIR to ZK, this is an alphabetical round-up of the fast moving-world of application development tools and frameworks spawned ever since the appearance of Google Maps, the canonical early RIA. The list includes AIR, Appcelerator, ATF, Curl, Dojo, Echo, Eclipse RCP, Ext JS, Flex, Grails, GWT, JavaFX, Kabuki, Nexaweb Enterprise Web 2.0 platform, Novulu, OpenLaszlo, Prototype, Rico, Ruby on Rails, Seam, Silverlight, ThinWire, TIBCO GI, ULC, WaveMaker, Yahoo! User Interface Library, Zend Framework, and ZK.

Editorial note: The words used to describe the various solutions are in every case taken from the sites cited, so as ever we encourage developers in every case to "suck it and see" by downloading or otherwise sampling the tool in question for themselves.

Omissions should be sent to ria (at) sys-con.com, and we will endeavor to include them in a future revision of this round-up.


Adobe AIR - cross-operating system runtime that lets developers use their existing web development skills in HTML, AJAX, Flash and Flex to build and deploy rich Internet applications to the desktop (http://labs.adobe.com/technologies/air/).

Appcelerator - a next-generation, open source web platform for developing Rich Internet Applications on a Services Oriented Architecture (SOA), Appcelerator is standards-based, supports all modern web browsers and can be developed in Java, .NET, PHP, Ruby on Rails and Python (http://www.appcelerator.org/index.html).

ATF - AJAX Toolkit Framework (ATF) from Eclipse provides and extensible framework and exemplary tools for building IDEs for the many different AJAX runtime offerings (Dojo, Zimbra, Rico, etc) in the market (http://www.eclipse.org/atf/).

Curl - a full-featured and robust technology beyond HTML and JavaScript, enabling the development of very rich Web client applications(http://www.curl.com/products.php).

Dojo - an Open Source DHTML toolkit written in JavaScript that allows you to easily build dynamic capabilities into web pages and any other environment that supports JavaScript sanely (http://dojotoolkit.org/about)

Echo - a platform for building web-based applications that approach the capabilities of rich clients (http://echo.nextapp.com/site/echo2).

Eclipse RCP - a platform for building and deploying rich client applications (http://www.eclipse.org/home/categories/rcp.php)

Ext JS - a cross-browser JavaScript library for building RIAs (http://extjs.com/).

Flex - a complete, powerful application development solution for creating and delivering rich Internet applications (RIAs) within the enterprise and across the web.(http://www.adobe.com/products/flex/).

Google Web Toolkit (GWT) - an open source Java software development framework that makes writing AJAX applications like Google Maps and Gmail easy for developers who don't speak browser quirks as a second language (http://code.google.com/webtoolkit/).

Grails - an open-source web application framework that leverages the Groovy language and complements Java Web development (http://grails.org/).

JavaFX - a family of products based on Java technology designed to enable consistent user experiences, from desktop to mobile device to set-top box to Blu-ray Disc (http://sun.com/javafx).

Kabuki - the Kabuki (a.k.a Zimbra) AJAX Toolkit is a client developer library, similar in style to traditional object-oriented widget libraries like Eclipse's SWT, albeit for JavaScript (http://www.zimbra.com/community/kabuki_ajax_toolkit_download.html).

Nexaweb

Enterprise Web 2.0 platform - a robust, scalable application deployment solution that supports the delivery of rich, secure, mission-critical business applications to users around the world via the Web (http://www.nexaweb.com/home/us/index.html@cid=2300.html).

Novulo - an award winning visual web development solution for rapidly building and easily deploying AJAX-based web applications - starting with the user interface, the real screens that customers are going to use. Novolu generates the application from the user interface, and deploys them automatically on any LAMP or WAMP server (http://novulo.com).

OpenLaszlo - leading open source platform for the development and delivery of rich Internet applications on the World Wide Web (http://www.openlaszlo.org/).

Prototype - a JavaScript Framework that aims to ease development of dynamic web applications - features a unique, easy-to-use toolkit for class-driven development and the nicest AJAX library around (http://www.prototypejs.org/).

Rico - an open source JavaScript framework used to create and extend AJAX-based web applications: JavaScript for Rich Internet Applications (http://openrico.org/).

Ruby on Rails - a full-stack framework for developing database-backed web applications according to the Model-View-Control pattern. From the AJAX in the view, to the request and response in the controller, to the domain model wrapping the database, Rails gives you a pure-Ruby development environment. To go live, all you need to add is a database and a web server (http://www.rubyonrails.org/).

Seam - a powerful new application framework from JBoss for building next generation Web 2.0 applications by unifying and integrating technologies such as AJAX, Java Server Faces (JSF), Enterprise Java Beans (EJB3), Java Portlets and Business Process Management (BPM). (http://www.jboss.com/products/seam).

Silverlight - a cross-browser, cross-platform plug-in for delivering the next generation of media experiences and rich interactive applications for the Web (http://www.microsoft.com/silverlight/).

ThinWire Ajax RIA Framework - a framework for building zero footprint AJAX browser applications that feel like desktop GUI applications. Program AJAX on the server, using an event driven GUI model that reconnects program logic (http://sourceforge.net/projects/thinwire/).

TIBCO General Interface - an open source project focused on enabling rapid creation of reliable AJAX applications, components and portlets with the look and feel of desktop graphical user interface applications (http://www.tibco.com/devnet/gi/default.jsp).

ULC - UltraLightClient from Canoo is a library to develop Rich Internet Applications (RIA) in Java. It uses Swing on the client, standard communication protocols set by the J2EE container, and standard lifecycle management on the server (http://www.canoo.com/ulc/).

WaveMaker - enables the visual assembly and rapid deployment of Web 2.0 applications that meet enterprise IT requirements (http://www.wavemaker.com/downloads/).

Yahoo! User Interface (YUI) Library - a set of utilities and controls, written in JavaScript, for building richly interactive web applications using techniques such as DOM scripting, DHTML and AJAX and also including several core CSS resources (http://developer.yahoo.com/yui/).

Zend Framework - leading open source PHP framework, focused on building more secure, reliable, and modern Web 2.0 applications & web services, and consuming widely available APIs from leading vendors like Google, Amazon, Yahoo! and Flickr (http://framework.zend.com/home).

ZK
- an open-source AJAX Web framework that enables rich user interface for Web applications with little programming (http://www.zkoss.org/)

More Stories By Jeremy Geelan

Jeremy Geelan is Chairman & CEO of the 21st Century Internet Group, Inc. and an Executive Academy Member of the International Academy of Digital Arts & Sciences. Formerly he was President & COO at Cloud Expo, Inc. and Conference Chair of the worldwide Cloud Expo series. He appears regularly at conferences and trade shows, speaking to technology audiences across six continents. You can follow him on twitter: @jg21.

Comments (23) View Comments

Share your thoughts on this story.

Add your comment
You must be signed in to add a comment. Sign-in | Register

In accordance with our Comment Policy, we encourage comments that are on topic, relevant and to-the-point. We will remove comments that include profanity, personal attacks, racial slurs, threats of violence, or other inappropriate material that violates our Terms and Conditions, and will block users who make repeated violations. We ask all readers to expect diversity of opinion and to treat one another with dignity and respect.


Most Recent Comments
radixweb 08/21/08 04:33:28 AM EDT

Good Information for web development services......

Java developer.....

Ellie's Professional Software Insight 02/10/08 08:34:25 PM EST

Trackback Added: An A-Z of RIA Frameworks : From Adobe AIR to Zimbra Kabuki AJAX Toolkit; SYS-CON Media?? RIA Frameworks? ?? ???? ? ? URL : http://dotnet.sys-con.com/read/491052.htm From Adobe AIR to ZK: An A - Z of RIA Frameworks in 2008 — From AIR to ZK, this is an alphabetical round-up of the fast moving-world of application development t..

Clean AJAX 01/29/08 05:42:52 AM EST

Easy to use AJAX framework that uses messages to control AJAX requests - provides message queue, XSLT, XPath, encryption (SHA1, MD5), web service access (SOAP, XMLRPC), JSON-RPC, cross browser AJAX, AJAX history and cache control.

Oracle ADF 01/29/08 05:39:44 AM EST

Oracle Application Development Framework (ADF) is an end-to-end J2EE framework that simplifies development by providing out of the box infrastructure services and a visual and declarative development experience.

OpenXava 01/28/08 10:33:19 AM EST

OpenXava is a full-stack framework for developing database-backed web applications, like Ruby on Rails, but OpenXava produces standard J2EE / JavaEE applications that can be deployed and any standard Java Application Server (or standard Java Portal).

OpenXava has been created by Java developers (who need developing Java Enterprise applications in a productive way) for their own use; hence it's powerful, extensible and enjoyable by a Java expert.

On the other hand OpenXava allows to a new Java developer to start rapidly to be productive, therefore is a pleasant experience for beginners too.

Gérard Ringenaldus 01/28/08 07:52:38 AM EST

Jeremy Geelan asked for Omissions to his list, and I would like to add a product called Novulo.

Novulo is the award winning Visual Web Development solution for rapidly building and easily deploying AJAX-based web applications.

Novulo allows you to build web applications, starting with the user interface, the real screens that customers are going to use.

We generate the application from the user interface, and deploy them automatically on any LAMP or WAMP server.

Zoop Framework 01/28/08 07:48:46 AM EST

Anyone her know when Zoop will come back online?

Makumba 01/28/08 05:24:53 AM EST

Makumba is a query-centric technology designed by BEST that helps you to rapidly develop web applications that keep their data in a database (i.e. data driven web applications).

It is implemented in Java and offers a JSP tag library and a Java API to the web app developer. The technology has been in use since late 2001, and is being further developed, based on users' experience and requests.

Django 01/28/08 05:20:38 AM EST

Django is a high-level Python Web framework that encourages rapid development and clean, pragmatic design.

Developed and used over two years by a fast-moving online-news operation, Django was designed to handle two challenges: the intensive deadlines of a newsroom and the stringent requirements of the experienced Web developers who wrote it. It lets you build high-performing, elegant Web applications quickly.

DotNetNuke 01/28/08 05:19:09 AM EST

DotNetNuke is a free, Open Source Framework ideal for creating Enterprise Web Applications. It is an open source web application framework ideal for creating, deploying and managing interactive web, intranet and extranet sites.

Pyjamas 01/27/08 03:56:42 PM EST

A Python equivalent of the Google Web Toolkit. Build AJAX apps in Python (like Google did for Java).

RIA Site 01/27/08 01:13:45 PM EST

If you want a peek into the future of RIAs (rich Internet applications), take a look at Tabblo (tabblo.com). The model that Tabblo has set into motion for photographers -- both amateur and professional -- will soon be adopted by enterprise IT to empower its user base.

GWT On Rails? 01/27/08 11:34:14 AM EST

GWT-REST is an asynchronous RESTful client implementation for GWT.

GWT-REST can be used alongside GWT-RPC or as a replacement for it. The intent is to provide a drop-in solution for communicating with REST web services that may or may not be implemented in Java.

A set of generic interfaces is provided along with implementations for JSON and Rails in this first release.

Confused 01/27/08 11:30:51 AM EST

So is this about Rails versus Grails or Ruby versus Groovy or C versus Java?

RoR 01/27/08 11:22:26 AM EST

If you're interested in Ruby on Rails and how you can use it to build sexy rich Internet applications, then you should join the Ruby on Rails RIA mailing list at Google Group. Here's the link: http://groups.google.com/group/adobe-rubyonrails-ria-sdk

Grails vs Rails 01/27/08 11:19:07 AM EST

Rails has zero enterprise penetration, let's put that out there right now. Grails on the other hand has enterprise penetration and is only growing.

Grails 01/27/08 10:26:20 AM EST

Grails is an open-source web application framework that leverages the Groovy language and complements Java Web development. You can use Grails as a standalone development environment that hides all configuration details or integrate your Java business logic.

openJFX 01/27/08 09:15:20 AM EST

OpenJFX is the site where development of various parts of JavaFX is happening in the open.

For example, the compiler that is being written for JavaFX Script is being developed at the OpenJFX site, so that developers interested in trying out the early versions can grab the latest copy for themselves and even pitch in with suggestions and feedback for the development group.

Thinlet 01/27/08 08:32:11 AM EST

Thinlet is a complete GUI toolkit for J2SE and Personal Profile (e.g. J9 VM for Pocket PCs). The new version is completely redesigned from ground up, currently only a very early alpha version is available to introduce its main features.

Helmi 01/27/08 08:28:41 AM EST

Helmi's Open Source RIA Platform permits client- and server-side engineers to work independently while communicating effectively through an object-oriented environment.

Today's end users demand the rich, highly interactive experience that is the promise of Web 2.0. At the core of this experience are high performance applications powered by Rich Internet Application (RIA) and Asynchronous JavaScript and XML (AJAX) technologies.

Project Zero 01/27/08 08:20:30 AM EST

Project Zero, an IBM incubator project, is an agile development and execution environment which leverages REST and scripting runtimes to speed and simplify development and deployment of dynamic Web applications. Project Zero includes a scripting runtime for Groovy and PHP with application programming interfaces optimized for producing REST-style services, integration mash-ups and rich Web interfaces.

XUI RIA Framework 01/27/08 06:31:10 AM EST

XUI is a Java and XML RIA platform for building smart apps. Swing, AWT and other widget sets can be used on a range of hardware. XUI's modular framework can help many aspects of application development.

Ariaware RIA Frameworks 01/27/08 06:29:22 AM EST

Ariaware RIA Frameworks is an Open-Source Best-Practices Pattern-Based Framework for Flash & Flex-based RIA Development.

@ThingsExpo Stories
P2P RTC will impact the landscape of communications, shifting from traditional telephony style communications models to OTT (Over-The-Top) cloud assisted & PaaS (Platform as a Service) communication services. The P2P shift will impact many areas of our lives, from mobile communication, human interactive web services, RTC and telephony infrastructure, user federation, security and privacy implications, business costs, and scalability. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Robin Raymond, Chief Architect at Hookflash, will walk through the shifting landscape of traditional telephone and voice services ...
Explosive growth in connected devices. Enormous amounts of data for collection and analysis. Critical use of data for split-second decision making and actionable information. All three are factors in making the Internet of Things a reality. Yet, any one factor would have an IT organization pondering its infrastructure strategy. How should your organization enhance its IT framework to enable an Internet of Things implementation? In his session at Internet of @ThingsExpo, James Kirkland, Chief Architect for the Internet of Things and Intelligent Systems at Red Hat, described how to revolutioniz...
The 3rd International @ThingsExpo, co-located with the 16th International Cloud Expo - to be held June 9-11, 2015, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY - announces that it is now accepting Keynote Proposals. The Internet of Things (IoT) is the most profound change in personal and enterprise IT since the creation of the Worldwide Web more than 20 years ago. All major researchers estimate there will be tens of billions devices - computers, smartphones, tablets, and sensors - connected to the Internet by 2020. This number will continue to grow at a rapid pace for the next several decades.
The Internet of Things will greatly expand the opportunities for data collection and new business models driven off of that data. In her session at @ThingsExpo, Esmeralda Swartz, CMO of MetraTech, discussed how for this to be effective you not only need to have infrastructure and operational models capable of utilizing this new phenomenon, but increasingly service providers will need to convince a skeptical public to participate. Get ready to show them the money!
"Matrix is an ambitious open standard and implementation that's set up to break down the fragmentation problems that exist in IP messaging and VoIP communication," explained John Woolf, Technical Evangelist at Matrix, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at @ThingsExpo, held Nov 4–6, 2014, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA.
We are reaching the end of the beginning with WebRTC, and real systems using this technology have begun to appear. One challenge that faces every WebRTC deployment (in some form or another) is identity management. For example, if you have an existing service – possibly built on a variety of different PaaS/SaaS offerings – and you want to add real-time communications you are faced with a challenge relating to user management, authentication, authorization, and validation. Service providers will want to use their existing identities, but these will have credentials already that are (hopefully) i...
WebRTC defines no default signaling protocol, causing fragmentation between WebRTC silos. SIP and XMPP provide possibilities, but come with considerable complexity and are not designed for use in a web environment. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Matthew Hodgson, technical co-founder of the Matrix.org, discussed how Matrix is a new non-profit Open Source Project that defines both a new HTTP-based standard for VoIP & IM signaling and provides reference implementations.
The definition of IoT is not new, in fact it’s been around for over a decade. What has changed is the public's awareness that the technology we use on a daily basis has caught up on the vision of an always on, always connected world. If you look into the details of what comprises the IoT, you’ll see that it includes everything from cloud computing, Big Data analytics, “Things,” Web communication, applications, network, storage, etc. It is essentially including everything connected online from hardware to software, or as we like to say, it’s an Internet of many different things. The difference ...
DevOps Summit 2015 New York, co-located with the 16th International Cloud Expo - to be held June 9-11, 2015, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY - announces that it is now accepting Keynote Proposals. The widespread success of cloud computing is driving the DevOps revolution in enterprise IT. Now as never before, development teams must communicate and collaborate in a dynamic, 24/7/365 environment. There is no time to wait for long development cycles that produce software that is obsolete at launch. DevOps may be disruptive, but it is essential.
The security devil is always in the details of the attack: the ones you've endured, the ones you prepare yourself to fend off, and the ones that, you fear, will catch you completely unaware and defenseless. The Internet of Things (IoT) is nothing if not an endless proliferation of details. It's the vision of a world in which continuous Internet connectivity and addressability is embedded into a growing range of human artifacts, into the natural world, and even into our smartphones, appliances, and physical persons. In the IoT vision, every new "thing" - sensor, actuator, data source, data con...
The 3rd International Internet of @ThingsExpo, co-located with the 16th International Cloud Expo - to be held June 9-11, 2015, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY - announces that its Call for Papers is now open. The Internet of Things (IoT) is the biggest idea since the creation of the Worldwide Web more than 20 years ago.
Connected devices and the Internet of Things are getting significant momentum in 2014. In his session at Internet of @ThingsExpo, Jim Hunter, Chief Scientist & Technology Evangelist at Greenwave Systems, examined three key elements that together will drive mass adoption of the IoT before the end of 2015. The first element is the recent advent of robust open source protocols (like AllJoyn and WebRTC) that facilitate M2M communication. The second is broad availability of flexible, cost-effective storage designed to handle the massive surge in back-end data in a world where timely analytics is e...
Scott Jenson leads a project called The Physical Web within the Chrome team at Google. Project members are working to take the scalability and openness of the web and use it to talk to the exponentially exploding range of smart devices. Nearly every company today working on the IoT comes up with the same basic solution: use my server and you'll be fine. But if we really believe there will be trillions of these devices, that just can't scale. We need a system that is open a scalable and by using the URL as a basic building block, we open this up and get the same resilience that the web enjoys.
How do APIs and IoT relate? The answer is not as simple as merely adding an API on top of a dumb device, but rather about understanding the architectural patterns for implementing an IoT fabric. There are typically two or three trends: Exposing the device to a management framework Exposing that management framework to a business centric logic Exposing that business layer and data to end users. This last trend is the IoT stack, which involves a new shift in the separation of what stuff happens, where data lives and where the interface lies. For instance, it's a mix of architectural styles ...
SYS-CON Events announced today that Gridstore™, the leader in hyper-converged infrastructure purpose-built to optimize Microsoft workloads, will exhibit at SYS-CON's 16th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on June 9-11, 2015, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY. Gridstore™ is the leader in hyper-converged infrastructure purpose-built for Microsoft workloads and designed to accelerate applications in virtualized environments. Gridstore’s hyper-converged infrastructure is the industry’s first all flash version of HyperConverged Appliances that include both compute and storag...
"There is a natural synchronization between the business models, the IoT is there to support ,” explained Brendan O'Brien, Co-founder and Chief Architect of Aria Systems, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at the 15th International Cloud Expo®, held Nov 4–6, 2014, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA.
An entirely new security model is needed for the Internet of Things, or is it? Can we save some old and tested controls for this new and different environment? In his session at @ThingsExpo, New York's at the Javits Center, Davi Ottenheimer, EMC Senior Director of Trust, reviewed hands-on lessons with IoT devices and reveal a new risk balance you might not expect. Davi Ottenheimer, EMC Senior Director of Trust, has more than nineteen years' experience managing global security operations and assessments, including a decade of leading incident response and digital forensics. He is co-author of t...
The Internet of Things promises to transform businesses (and lives), but navigating the business and technical path to success can be difficult to understand. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Sean Lorenz, Technical Product Manager for Xively at LogMeIn, demonstrated how to approach creating broadly successful connected customer solutions using real world business transformation studies including New England BioLabs and more.
There's Big Data, then there's really Big Data from the Internet of Things. IoT is evolving to include many data possibilities like new types of event, log and network data. The volumes are enormous, generating tens of billions of logs per day, which raise data challenges. Early IoT deployments are relying heavily on both the cloud and managed service providers to navigate these challenges. In her session at Big Data Expo®, Hannah Smalltree, Director at Treasure Data, discussed how IoT, Big Data and deployments are processing massive data volumes from wearables, utilities and other machines...
The 3rd International Internet of @ThingsExpo, co-located with the 16th International Cloud Expo - to be held June 9-11, 2015, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY - announces that its Call for Papers is now open. The Internet of Things (IoT) is the biggest idea since the creation of the Worldwide Web more than 20 years ago.