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Securing Key Management | @CloudExpo #AI #DX #API #CloudNative #Security

Cloud migration of modern enterprise infrastructure has been a defining trait of recent times

Cloud migration of modern enterprise infrastructure has been a defining trait of recent times. The cloud brings increased efficiency, streamlined operations, an increased shared knowledge base, and scale that was simply not possible earlier. Enterprise IT executives expect that 60 percent of workloads will run in various clouds by 2018 according to survey data of 1,200 buyers by 451 Research.

However, according to the NorthBridge Future of Cloud Computing survey, the largest survey of its kind, security remains the number one inhibitor of enterprise migration to the cloud. One of the key reasons for this is that enterprises relinquish control of their infrastructure in the process, and suffer a lack of privacy and protection from the cloud provider while running in a public cloud.

According to the NorthBridge survey, enterprises' biggest concerns include dependency on the security provided by the cloud provider and lack of understanding about the separation of responsibility between customers and cloud providers. Enterprises can outsource some tasks, but they ultimately have full responsibility for the security of their workloads. Providers must maintain their own security, and they must ensure security isolation in multi-tenant contexts where multiple customers may run their processes on the same physical hardware. But since the providers have visibility into customers' applications and data, it's no wonder that customers cite privacy and security concerns as a leading obstacle to more rapid and widespread adoption of cloud migration, particularly to public clouds.

Even with a fully patched system, enterprise workloads are vulnerable to anyone who manages to get a root privilege access on the system. Unfortunately, there are multiple ways of getting a compromised root user in cloud environments, as shown in Figure 1. Each of the attack vectors represents a potential opportunity for hackers to get access to root privileges on a system. Hackers can move laterally, install spyware, infect boot, and steal sensitive data. There is absolutely no privacy of data or code on a system with a compromised root. In other words, once root privileges are compromised, all bets are off.

Figure 1: Attack vectors to compromise a root

One of the ways enterprises secure their data and meet compliance requirements is by using hardware security modules (HSMs). HSMs are physical appliances traditionally built using proprietary hardware that can store cloud security encryption keys in a secure trusted boundary inaccessible to cloud providers and any other outside software. Enterprises can securely store and use their keys in the cloud using HSMs. In a way, HSMs are the only place where one can expect some privacy from the cloud provider. Typical use cases for HSMs include payment processing, PKI infrastructure, key injection, and database encryption.

However, HSM appliances can be expensive, proprietary, hard to deploy, harder to manage, and are often impossible to scale efficiently. The complexity of key management with HSMs is a major pain point for enterprises. Application integrations often require customized work, and organizations may be forced to maintain a dedicated staff of specialists to keep up with them for anything large-scale.

Figure 2: Problems with HSM

As a result, HSMs are one of the last computing resources that are not commonly virtualized or securely time-sliced among multiple tenants or VMs. Their availability in public clouds is limited, and where available they break the cloud model by requiring upfront fees, usage floors, and other aspects that are fundamentally inconsistent with on-demand scaling and pricing. It's no surprise that many organizations requiring highly secure key management are struggling to migrate to public clouds on acceptable technology terms that align with the overall promise of the cloud.

On the other hand, the HSM market is ripe for innovation. There has been a fundamental breakthrough in trusted cloud computing over the last few years. Trusted computing allows one to using commercial off-the-shelf hardware to perform certain sensitive computation privately, such as key generation, key management, and encryption-as-a-service. Trusted platform module (TPM) and Intel® Software Guard Extension (SGX) are examples of such technology on x86 platforms. They allow innovative companies to provide HSM functionality without using purpose-built hardware appliances. By using trusted computing correctly, innovative products can offer HSM-grade functionality with software-like functionality as shown in Figure 3.

Figure 3: HSM-grade security with software-like flexibility

Products are available today that combine HSM functionality with software flexibility and offer an innovative approach to these cloud security issues for enterprises, for the following reasons:

  • Cloud and service providers don't have to budget for and maintain a separate fleet of special purpose appliances for HSM.
  • These products offer scalability expected by and required for modern cloud-era infrastructure with horizontal scalability, multi-tenant, and multi-site support.
  • Software-like flexibility ensures easier integration with various cloud platforms.
  • Enterprises can unlock new use cases by running their proprietary code inside the trust boundary. For example, they can enable encryption-as-a-service and terminate TLS inside the HSM trust boundary. They can leverage virtually unlimited capacities of keys to offer secure key management for massively deployed IoT products.
  • Software-based design is now more easily audited and offers better security than traditional products.

These products are available as pure hosted software in clouds and also as commercial-off-the-shelf appliances. They offer PKCS#11, KMIP, and RESTful interfaces for easy integration with variety of applications. They can be rapidly evaluated by test teams because of software flexibility and provide a fast path to both compliance and security.

The advent of trusted cloud computing has huge implications for this once stagnant HSM market and for key management systems to best protect enterprise resources in the cloud. While emerging, it has the potential to address some of the lingering security concerns holding cloud customers back.

21st International Cloud Expo, taking place October 31 - November 2, 2017, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA, will feature technical sessions from a rock star conference faculty and the leading industry players in the world.

Download Show Prospectus ▸ Here

Cloud computing is now being embraced by a majority of enterprises of all sizes. Yesterday's debate about public vs. private has transformed into the reality of hybrid cloud: a recent survey shows that 74% of enterprises have a hybrid cloud strategy. Meanwhile, 94% of enterprises are using some form of XaaS - software, platform, and infrastructure as a service.

With major technology companies and startups seriously embracing Cloud strategies, now is the perfect time to attend 21st Cloud Expo, October 31 - November 2, 2017, at the Santa Clara Convention Center, CA, and June 12-14, 2018, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY, and learn what is going on, contribute to the discussions, and ensure that your enterprise is on the right path to Digital Transformation.

Track 1. Enterprise Cloud | Cloud-Native
Track 2.
Big Data | Analytics
Track 3. Internet of Things | IIoT | Smart Cities

Track 4. DevOps | Digital Transformation (DX)

Track 5. APIs | Cloud Security | Mobility

Track 6.
AI | ML | DL | Cognitive
Track 7.
Containers | Microservices | Serverless
Track 8. FinTech | InsurTech | Token Economy

Cloud Expo | @ThingsExpo 2017 Silicon Valley
(October 31 - November 2, 2017, Santa Clara Convention Center, CA)

Cloud Expo | @ThingsExpo 2018 New York 
(June 12-14, 2018, Javits Center, Manhattan)

Download Show Prospectus ▸ Here

Every Global 2000 enterprise in the world is now integrating cloud computing in some form into its IT development and operations. Midsize and small businesses are also migrating to the cloud in increasing numbers.  

Companies are each developing their unique mix of cloud technologies and services, forming multi-cloud and hybrid cloud architectures and deployments across all major industries. Cloud-driven thinking has become the norm in financial services, manufacturing, telco, healthcare, transportation, energy, media, entertainment, retail and other consumer industries, and the public sector.

Cloud Expo is the single show where technology buyers and vendors can meet to experience and discus cloud computing and all that it entails. Sponsors of Cloud Expo will benefit from unmatched branding, profile building and lead generation opportunities through:

  • Featured on-site presentation and ongoing on-demand webcast exposure to a captive audience of industry decision-makers.
  • Showcase exhibition during our new extended dedicated expo hours
  • Breakout Session Priority scheduling for Sponsors that have been guaranteed a 35-minute technical session
  • Online advertising in SYS-CON's i-Technology Publications
  • Capitalize on our Comprehensive Marketing efforts leading up to the show with print mailings, e-newsletters and extensive online media coverage.
  • Unprecedented PR Coverage: Editorial Coverage on Cloud Computing Journal.
  • Tweetup to over 75,000 plus followers
  • Press releases sent on major wire services to over 500 industry analysts.

For more information on sponsorship, exhibit, and keynote opportunities, contact Carmen Gonzalez by email at events (at) sys-con.com, or by phone 201 802-3021.

The World's Largest "Cloud Digital Transformation" Event

@CloudExpo | @ThingsExpo 2017 Silicon Valley
(Oct. 31 - Nov. 2, 2017, Santa Clara Convention Center, CA)

@CloudExpo | @ThingsExpo 2018 New York 
(June 12-14, 2018, Javits Center, Manhattan)

Full Conference Registration Gold Pass and Exhibit Hall ▸ Here

Register For @CloudExpo ▸ Here via EventBrite

Register For @ThingsExpo ▸ Here via EventBrite

Register For @DevOpsSummit ▸ Here via EventBrite

Sponsorship Opportunities

Sponsors of Cloud Expo | @ThingsExpo will benefit from unmatched branding, profile building and lead generation opportunities through:

  • Featured on-site presentation and ongoing on-demand webcast exposure to a captive audience of industry decision-makers
  • Showcase exhibition during our new extended dedicated expo hours
  • Breakout Session Priority scheduling for Sponsors that have been guaranteed a 35 minute technical session
  • Online targeted advertising in SYS-CON's i-Technology Publications
  • Capitalize on our Comprehensive Marketing efforts leading up to the show with print mailings, e-newsletters and extensive online media coverage
  • Unprecedented Marketing Coverage: Editorial Coverage on ITweetup to over 100,000 plus followers, press releases sent on major wire services to over 500 industry analysts

For more information on sponsorship, exhibit, and keynote opportunities, contact Carmen Gonzalez (@GonzalezCarmen) today by email at events (at) sys-con.com, or by phone 201 802-3021.

Secrets of Sponsors and Exhibitors ▸ Here
Secrets of Cloud Expo Speakers ▸ Here

All major researchers estimate there will be tens of billions devices - computers, smartphones, tablets, and sensors - connected to the Internet by 2020. This number will continue to grow at a rapid pace for the next several decades.

With major technology companies and startups seriously embracing Cloud strategies, now is the perfect time to attend @CloudExpo@ThingsExpo, October 31 - November 2, 2017, at the Santa Clara Convention Center, CA, and June 12-4, 2018, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY, and learn what is going on, contribute to the discussions, and ensure that your enterprise is on the right path to Digital Transformation.

Delegates to Cloud Expo | @ThingsExpo will be able to attend 8 simultaneous, information-packed education tracks.

There are over 120 breakout sessions in all, with Keynotes, General Sessions, and Power Panels adding to three days of incredibly rich presentations and content.

Join Cloud Expo | @ThingsExpo conference chair Roger Strukhoff (@IoT2040), October 31 - November 2, 2017, Santa Clara Convention Center, CA, and June 12-14, 2018, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY, for three days of intense Enterprise Cloud and 'Digital Transformation' discussion and focus, including Big Data's indispensable role in IoT, Smart Grids and (IIoT) Industrial Internet of Things, Wearables and Consumer IoT, as well as (new) Digital Transformation in Vertical Markets.

Financial Technology - or FinTech - Is Now Part of the @CloudExpo Program!

Accordingly, attendees at the upcoming 21st Cloud Expo | @ThingsExpo October 31 - November 2, 2017, Santa Clara Convention Center, CA, and June 12-14, 2018, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY, will find fresh new content in a new track called FinTech, which will incorporate machine learning, artificial intelligence, deep learning, and blockchain into one track.

Financial enterprises in New York City, London, Singapore, and other world financial capitals are embracing a new generation of smart, automated FinTech that eliminates many cumbersome, slow, and expensive intermediate processes from their businesses.

FinTech brings efficiency as well as the ability to deliver new services and a much improved customer experience throughout the global financial services industry. FinTech is a natural fit with cloud computing, as new services are quickly developed, deployed, and scaled on public, private, and hybrid clouds.

More than US$20 billion in venture capital is being invested in FinTech this year. @CloudExpo is pleased to bring you the latest FinTech developments as an integral part of our program, starting at the 21st International Cloud Expo October 31 - November 2, 2017 in Silicon Valley, and June 12-14, 2018, in New York City.

@CloudExpo is accepting submissions for this new track, so please visit www.CloudComputingExpo.com for the latest information.

Speaking Opportunities

The upcoming 21st International @CloudExpo@ThingsExpo, October 31 - November 2, 2017, Santa Clara Convention Center, CA, and June 12-14, 2018, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY announces that its Call For Papers for speaking opportunities is open.

Submit your speaking proposal today! ▸ Here

About SYS-CON Media & Events
SYS-CON Media (www.sys-con.com) has since 1994 been connecting technology companies and customers through a comprehensive content stream - featuring over forty focused subject areas, from Cloud Computing to Web Security - interwoven with market-leading full-scale conferences produced by SYS-CON Events. The company's internationally recognized brands include among others Cloud Expo® (@CloudExpo), Big Data Expo® (@BigDataExpo), DevOps Summit (@DevOpsSummit), @ThingsExpo® (@ThingsExpo), Containers Expo (@ContainersExpo) and Microservices Expo (@MicroservicesE).

Cloud Expo®, Big Data Expo® and @ThingsExpo® are registered trademarks of Cloud Expo, Inc., a SYS-CON Events company.

More Stories By Ambuj Kumar

Ambuj Kumar is CEO and Co-founder of Fortanix. Prior to founding Fortanix, he was lead architect at Cryptography Research Inc. where he led and developed many of the company's security technologies that go into millions of devices every year. Previously, he worked for NVIDIA where he designed the world's most advanced computer chips including the world's fastest memory controller. He has a Bachelor of Technology from IIT Kanpur and an MS from Stanford University, both in EE.

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