Welcome!

API Journal Authors: Yeshim Deniz, Pat Romanski, Liz McMillan, Rishi Bhargava, Elizabeth White

Blog Feed Post

Ne plus ouvrir le capot !

 

Opening the hoodTous ceux qui conduisaient une voiture, il y a plus de vingt ans, savaient comment s’ouvrait le capot de leur voiture, rajouter de l’eau dans le radiateur, changer l’huile, vérifier les bougies,... Tous les conducteurs avaient l’obligation d’avoir un minimum de compétences techniques avant d’entreprendre un voyage de quelques centaines de kilomètres.

Aujourd’hui, la majorité des personnes conduisent des voitures de grande qualité et très fiables, sans jamais ouvrir le capot ; elles ignorent même souvent où se trouve le levier d’ouverture.

Le monde de l’informatique s’apprête à vivre la même révolution / évolution...

  

L’ancien monde informatique : préindustriel

Cela fait presque 2 ans que je parle dans ce blog de la R2I, la Révolution Industrielle Informatique et des ruptures qu’elle va induire dans toute l’industrie informatique, dans tous les métiers des informaticiens.

Boite a outils voitureLe monde informatique actuel, encore majoritairement dans son ère préindustrielle, nécessite, pour fonctionner, des compétences très proches de la technique. Sur de nombreuses voitures anciennes, il y avait sur le marche-pied une... boîte à outils et les propriétaires avaient impérativement besoin d’un chauffeur-mécanicien pour les accompagner dans leurs déplacements.

Table de routage IPDe la même manière, les entreprises ont encore besoin d’informaticiens très proches de la technique pour mettre à jour une application sur un PC, modifier une table de routage dans leur réseau ou gérer l’avalanche de « pourriels » dans les logiciels de messagerie.

  

Le nouveau monde : R2I : Révolution Industrielle Informatique

Quand la R2I sera devenue une réalité, en 2021, ce sont les fournisseurs-industriels qui auront pris le relais et s’occuperont de l’essentiel des taches techniques réalisées aujourd’hui dans les entreprises clientes.

Du côté des infrastructures, la gestion des serveurs, des réseaux, des espaces de stockage sera assurée par Amazon, Facebook, Google, Microsoft ou quelques très grands acteurs, pour le compte de leurs clients. Les entreprises achèterons, en OPEX (coûts de fonctionnement), en IaaS, Infrastructures as a Service, toutes les ressources dont elles ont besoin.

Open Compute Qanta serverConnaissez-vous Quanta ? C’est devenu l’un des plus grands fabricants mondiaux de serveurs, car il produit les serveurs sur mesure de... Google, Facebook, RackSpace et quelques autres géants du Cloud, en suivant bien évidemment les spécifications « Open Compute Project » établies par Facebook.

Dans un marché des serveurs traditionnels en baisse (Dell, HP, IBM...) les nouveaux acteurs comme Quanta connaissent une croissance estimée par IDC à 45 %.

SaaS ModelDu coté des usages, les applications SaaS, Software as a Service sont développées, maintenues, mises à jour par des industriels du logiciel et les entreprises clientes auront basculé, là aussi, en OPEX, en payant uniquement pour les utilisateurs qui en ont besoin.

Des centaines de fournisseurs, de plus en plus spécialisés, « best of breed », proposent maintenant des solutions SaaS industrielles, prêtes à l’emploi, et que les entreprises peuvent déployer rapidement, en se libérant de l’enfer des migrations !

  

Abandonner des compétences existantes

Passer le relais nuageAu fur et à mesure que les entreprises confient aux industriels du Cloud leurs infrastructures et leurs applications, les activités informatiques « techniques » correspondantes sont prises en charge par ces fournisseurs. 

IT certificationsCeci a des conséquences majeures sur les équipes informatiques internes, qu’il est urgent d’anticiper et de gérer. Des dizaines de compétences, souvent acquises après des années d’expérience, de grands efforts pour obtenir des « certifications » de grands acteurs comme Cisco ou Microsoft, deviennent... inutiles, car elles correspondent à des activités que l’entreprise ne gère plus en interne.

Il est essentiel de faire rapidement le bilan des compétences existantes dont l’entreprise n’aura plus besoin, et d’établir un calendrier réaliste, compétence par compétence, pour éviter de ce retrouver, dans quelques années, avec des collaborateurs sans activités.

 

Développer des compétences nouvelles

Comme toute mutation industrielle, la R2I détruit des emplois et crée, en même temps, des métiers nouveaux, souvent à plus forte valeur ajoutée.

Le Cloud Computing ne fera pas exception à cette règle

Torque pro application AndroidJe reprendrai encore une fois l’exemple de l’automobile. Mes fils n’ouvrent plus le capot de la voiture, mais ils utilisent une application Android, Torque pro, qui leur permet d’avoir en permanence une connaissance très complète de tous les paramètres de fonctionnement du moteur.

ODB II Bluetooth adapterUn simple boitier au standard ODB II, branché sur la prise correspondante, transmet par Bluetooth toutes les informations sur leur smartphone ou leur tablette.

Torque pro screensLa richesse des données disponibles est impressionnante, largement supérieure à ce qu’il était possible d’obtenir avec les voitures anciennes.

Ceci permet de vérifier ce que l’on appellerait en informatique le SLA (Service Level Agreement) du fournisseur !

 

Cet exemple automobile illustre l’une des compétences nouvelles passionnantes que va demander l’arrivée du Cloud et des solutions SaaS. Les équipes internes auront la capacité, bien meilleure qu’avant, de piloter le Système d’information en temps réel, pour vérifier que les services rendus à tous les clients, externes et internes, sont en permanence au meilleur niveau.

  

Résumé : entre nostalgie et modernité

Il existe de nombreux clubs d’amateurs de voitures anciennes, amoureusement entretenues par leurs propriétaires.

Rallye vieilles voitures ParisIls sont heureux de se retrouver lors de rassemblements sympathiques, suivis par des milliers de personnes, comme moi, qui n’ont ni le temps ni les compétences pour entretenir ces objets anciens qui demandent de très fortes compétences techniques pour continuer à circuler.

Verra-t-on un jour des clubs du même style pour les nostalgiques d’une informatique artisanale qui demandait des compétences très pointues pour fonctionner ? Ce n’est pas impossible...

 

Read the original blog entry...

More Stories By Louis Nauges

Louis Naugès is Founder & President of Revevol, the first European Consulting organization 100% dedicated to SaaS and Cloud Computing. He has 30 years of IT experience. Very few people in Europe have his knowledge and expertise in Cloud & SaaS technologies and applications. He works directly with CIOs of very large organizations. Revevol is the first EMEA distributor of Google Apps and the largest worldwide organization deploying Google Apps is one of Revevol's clients.

@ThingsExpo Stories
What does it look like when you have access to cloud infrastructure and platform under the same roof? Let’s talk about the different layers of Technology as a Service: who cares, what runs where, and how does it all fit together. In his session at 18th Cloud Expo, Phil Jackson, Lead Technology Evangelist at SoftLayer, an IBM company, spoke about the picture being painted by IBM Cloud and how the tools being crafted can help fill the gaps in your IT infrastructure.
SYS-CON Events announced today the Enterprise IoT Bootcamp, being held November 1-2, 2016, in conjunction with 19th Cloud Expo | @ThingsExpo at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. Combined with real-world scenarios and use cases, the Enterprise IoT Bootcamp is not just based on presentations but with hands-on demos and detailed walkthroughs. We will introduce you to a variety of real world use cases prototyped using Arduino, Raspberry Pi, BeagleBone, Spark, and Intel Edison. Y...
Why do your mobile transformations need to happen today? Mobile is the strategy that enterprise transformation centers on to drive customer engagement. In his general session at @ThingsExpo, Roger Woods, Director, Mobile Product & Strategy – Adobe Marketing Cloud, covered key IoT and mobile trends that are forcing mobile transformation, key components of a solid mobile strategy and explored how brands are effectively driving mobile change throughout the enterprise.
19th Cloud Expo, taking place November 1-3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA, will feature technical sessions from a rock star conference faculty and the leading industry players in the world. Cloud computing is now being embraced by a majority of enterprises of all sizes. Yesterday's debate about public vs. private has transformed into the reality of hybrid cloud: a recent survey shows that 74% of enterprises have a hybrid cloud strategy. Meanwhile, 94% of enterpri...
If you had a chance to enter on the ground level of the largest e-commerce market in the world – would you? China is the world’s most populated country with the second largest economy and the world’s fastest growing market. It is estimated that by 2018 the Chinese market will be reaching over $30 billion in gaming revenue alone. Admittedly for a foreign company, doing business in China can be challenging. Often changing laws, administrative regulations and the often inscrutable Chinese Interne...
Fact is, enterprises have significant legacy voice infrastructure that’s costly to replace with pure IP solutions. How can we bring this analog infrastructure into our shiny new cloud applications? There are proven methods to bind both legacy voice applications and traditional PSTN audio into cloud-based applications and services at a carrier scale. Some of the most successful implementations leverage WebRTC, WebSockets, SIP and other open source technologies. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Da...
An IoT product’s log files speak volumes about what’s happening with your products in the field, pinpointing current and potential issues, and enabling you to predict failures and save millions of dollars in inventory. But until recently, no one knew how to listen. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Dan Gettens, Chief Research Officer at OnProcess, will discuss recent research by Massachusetts Institute of Technology and OnProcess Technology, where MIT created a new, breakthrough analytics model f...
Personalization has long been the holy grail of marketing. Simply stated, communicate the most relevant offer to the right person and you will increase sales. To achieve this, you must understand the individual. Consequently, digital marketers developed many ways to gather and leverage customer information to deliver targeted experiences. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Lou Casal, Founder and Principal Consultant at Practicala, discussed how the Internet of Things (IoT) has accelerated our abil...
24Notion is full-service global creative digital marketing, technology and lifestyle agency that combines strategic ideas with customized tactical execution. With a broad understand of the art of traditional marketing, new media, communications and social influence, 24Notion uniquely understands how to connect your brand strategy with the right consumer. 24Notion ranked #12 on Corporate Social Responsibility - Book of List.
Cloud computing is being adopted in one form or another by 94% of enterprises today. Tens of billions of new devices are being connected to The Internet of Things. And Big Data is driving this bus. An exponential increase is expected in the amount of information being processed, managed, analyzed, and acted upon by enterprise IT. This amazing is not part of some distant future - it is happening today. One report shows a 650% increase in enterprise data by 2020. Other estimates are even higher....
Adobe is changing the world though digital experiences. Adobe helps customers develop and deliver high-impact experiences that differentiate brands, build loyalty, and drive revenue across every screen, including smartphones, computers, tablets and TVs. Adobe content solutions are used daily by millions of companies worldwide-from publishers and broadcasters, to enterprises, marketing agencies and household-name brands. Building on its established design leadership, Adobe enables customers not o...
Everyone knows that truly innovative companies learn as they go along, pushing boundaries in response to market changes and demands. What's more of a mystery is how to balance innovation on a fresh platform built from scratch with the legacy tech stack, product suite and customers that continue to serve as the business' foundation. In his General Session at 19th Cloud Expo, Michael Chambliss, Head of Engineering at ReadyTalk, will discuss why and how ReadyTalk diverted from healthy revenue an...
Cognitive Computing is becoming the foundation for a new generation of solutions that have the potential to transform business. Unlike traditional approaches to building solutions, a cognitive computing approach allows the data to help determine the way applications are designed. This contrasts with conventional software development that begins with defining logic based on the current way a business operates. In her session at 18th Cloud Expo, Judith S. Hurwitz, President and CEO of Hurwitz & ...
The Internet of Things will challenge the status quo of how IT and development organizations operate. Or will it? Certainly the fog layer of IoT requires special insights about data ontology, security and transactional integrity. But the developmental challenges are the same: People, Process and Platform and how we integrate our thinking to solve complicated problems. In his session at 19th Cloud Expo, Craig Sproule, CEO of Metavine, will demonstrate how to move beyond today's coding paradigm ...
The Transparent Cloud-computing Consortium (abbreviation: T-Cloud Consortium) will conduct research activities into changes in the computing model as a result of collaboration between "device" and "cloud" and the creation of new value and markets through organic data processing High speed and high quality networks, and dramatic improvements in computer processing capabilities, have greatly changed the nature of applications and made the storing and processing of data on the network commonplace.
Digital transformation is too big and important for our future success to not understand the rules that apply to it. The first three rules for winning in this age of hyper-digital transformation are: Advantages in speed, analytics and operational tempos must be captured by implementing an optimized information logistics system (OILS) Real-time operational tempos (IT, people and business processes) must be achieved Businesses that can "analyze data and act and with speed" will dominate those t...
Almost two-thirds of companies either have or soon will have IoT as the backbone of their business in 2016. However, IoT is far more complex than most firms expected. How can you not get trapped in the pitfalls? In his session at @ThingsExpo, Tony Shan, a renowned visionary and thought leader, will introduce a holistic method of IoTification, which is the process of IoTifying the existing technology and business models to adopt and leverage IoT. He will drill down to the components in this fra...
As ridesharing competitors and enhanced services increase, notable changes are occurring in the transportation model. Despite the cost-effective means and flexibility of ridesharing, both drivers and users will need to be aware of the connected environment and how it will impact the ridesharing experience. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Timothy Evavold, Executive Director Automotive at Covisint, will discuss key challenges and solutions to powering a ride sharing and/or multimodal model in the a...
Internet of @ThingsExpo, taking place November 1-3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA, is co-located with the 19th International Cloud Expo and will feature technical sessions from a rock star conference faculty and the leading industry players in the world and ThingsExpo Silicon Valley Call for Papers is now open.
I'm a lonely sensor. I spend all day telling the world how I'm feeling, but none of the other sensors seem to care. I want to be connected. I want to build relationships with other sensors to be more useful for my human. I want my human to understand that when my friends next door are too hot for a while, I'll soon be flaming. And when all my friends go outside without me, I may be left behind. Don't just log my data; use the relationship graph. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Ryan Boyd, Engi...