Click here to close now.

Welcome!

Search Authors: Carmen Gonzalez, Pat Romanski, David Sprott, Liz McMillan, AppDynamics Blog

Blog Feed Post

Ne plus ouvrir le capot !

 

Opening the hoodTous ceux qui conduisaient une voiture, il y a plus de vingt ans, savaient comment s’ouvrait le capot de leur voiture, rajouter de l’eau dans le radiateur, changer l’huile, vérifier les bougies,... Tous les conducteurs avaient l’obligation d’avoir un minimum de compétences techniques avant d’entreprendre un voyage de quelques centaines de kilomètres.

Aujourd’hui, la majorité des personnes conduisent des voitures de grande qualité et très fiables, sans jamais ouvrir le capot ; elles ignorent même souvent où se trouve le levier d’ouverture.

Le monde de l’informatique s’apprête à vivre la même révolution / évolution...

  

L’ancien monde informatique : préindustriel

Cela fait presque 2 ans que je parle dans ce blog de la R2I, la Révolution Industrielle Informatique et des ruptures qu’elle va induire dans toute l’industrie informatique, dans tous les métiers des informaticiens.

Boite a outils voitureLe monde informatique actuel, encore majoritairement dans son ère préindustrielle, nécessite, pour fonctionner, des compétences très proches de la technique. Sur de nombreuses voitures anciennes, il y avait sur le marche-pied une... boîte à outils et les propriétaires avaient impérativement besoin d’un chauffeur-mécanicien pour les accompagner dans leurs déplacements.

Table de routage IPDe la même manière, les entreprises ont encore besoin d’informaticiens très proches de la technique pour mettre à jour une application sur un PC, modifier une table de routage dans leur réseau ou gérer l’avalanche de « pourriels » dans les logiciels de messagerie.

  

Le nouveau monde : R2I : Révolution Industrielle Informatique

Quand la R2I sera devenue une réalité, en 2021, ce sont les fournisseurs-industriels qui auront pris le relais et s’occuperont de l’essentiel des taches techniques réalisées aujourd’hui dans les entreprises clientes.

Du côté des infrastructures, la gestion des serveurs, des réseaux, des espaces de stockage sera assurée par Amazon, Facebook, Google, Microsoft ou quelques très grands acteurs, pour le compte de leurs clients. Les entreprises achèterons, en OPEX (coûts de fonctionnement), en IaaS, Infrastructures as a Service, toutes les ressources dont elles ont besoin.

Open Compute Qanta serverConnaissez-vous Quanta ? C’est devenu l’un des plus grands fabricants mondiaux de serveurs, car il produit les serveurs sur mesure de... Google, Facebook, RackSpace et quelques autres géants du Cloud, en suivant bien évidemment les spécifications « Open Compute Project » établies par Facebook.

Dans un marché des serveurs traditionnels en baisse (Dell, HP, IBM...) les nouveaux acteurs comme Quanta connaissent une croissance estimée par IDC à 45 %.

SaaS ModelDu coté des usages, les applications SaaS, Software as a Service sont développées, maintenues, mises à jour par des industriels du logiciel et les entreprises clientes auront basculé, là aussi, en OPEX, en payant uniquement pour les utilisateurs qui en ont besoin.

Des centaines de fournisseurs, de plus en plus spécialisés, « best of breed », proposent maintenant des solutions SaaS industrielles, prêtes à l’emploi, et que les entreprises peuvent déployer rapidement, en se libérant de l’enfer des migrations !

  

Abandonner des compétences existantes

Passer le relais nuageAu fur et à mesure que les entreprises confient aux industriels du Cloud leurs infrastructures et leurs applications, les activités informatiques « techniques » correspondantes sont prises en charge par ces fournisseurs. 

IT certificationsCeci a des conséquences majeures sur les équipes informatiques internes, qu’il est urgent d’anticiper et de gérer. Des dizaines de compétences, souvent acquises après des années d’expérience, de grands efforts pour obtenir des « certifications » de grands acteurs comme Cisco ou Microsoft, deviennent... inutiles, car elles correspondent à des activités que l’entreprise ne gère plus en interne.

Il est essentiel de faire rapidement le bilan des compétences existantes dont l’entreprise n’aura plus besoin, et d’établir un calendrier réaliste, compétence par compétence, pour éviter de ce retrouver, dans quelques années, avec des collaborateurs sans activités.

 

Développer des compétences nouvelles

Comme toute mutation industrielle, la R2I détruit des emplois et crée, en même temps, des métiers nouveaux, souvent à plus forte valeur ajoutée.

Le Cloud Computing ne fera pas exception à cette règle

Torque pro application AndroidJe reprendrai encore une fois l’exemple de l’automobile. Mes fils n’ouvrent plus le capot de la voiture, mais ils utilisent une application Android, Torque pro, qui leur permet d’avoir en permanence une connaissance très complète de tous les paramètres de fonctionnement du moteur.

ODB II Bluetooth adapterUn simple boitier au standard ODB II, branché sur la prise correspondante, transmet par Bluetooth toutes les informations sur leur smartphone ou leur tablette.

Torque pro screensLa richesse des données disponibles est impressionnante, largement supérieure à ce qu’il était possible d’obtenir avec les voitures anciennes.

Ceci permet de vérifier ce que l’on appellerait en informatique le SLA (Service Level Agreement) du fournisseur !

 

Cet exemple automobile illustre l’une des compétences nouvelles passionnantes que va demander l’arrivée du Cloud et des solutions SaaS. Les équipes internes auront la capacité, bien meilleure qu’avant, de piloter le Système d’information en temps réel, pour vérifier que les services rendus à tous les clients, externes et internes, sont en permanence au meilleur niveau.

  

Résumé : entre nostalgie et modernité

Il existe de nombreux clubs d’amateurs de voitures anciennes, amoureusement entretenues par leurs propriétaires.

Rallye vieilles voitures ParisIls sont heureux de se retrouver lors de rassemblements sympathiques, suivis par des milliers de personnes, comme moi, qui n’ont ni le temps ni les compétences pour entretenir ces objets anciens qui demandent de très fortes compétences techniques pour continuer à circuler.

Verra-t-on un jour des clubs du même style pour les nostalgiques d’une informatique artisanale qui demandait des compétences très pointues pour fonctionner ? Ce n’est pas impossible...

 

Read the original blog entry...

More Stories By Louis Nauges

Louis Naugès is Founder & President of Revevol, the first European Consulting organization 100% dedicated to SaaS and Cloud Computing. He has 30 years of IT experience. Very few people in Europe have his knowledge and expertise in Cloud & SaaS technologies and applications. He works directly with CIOs of very large organizations. Revevol is the first EMEA distributor of Google Apps and the largest worldwide organization deploying Google Apps is one of Revevol's clients.

@ThingsExpo Stories
With major technology companies and startups seriously embracing IoT strategies, now is the perfect time to attend @ThingsExpo in Silicon Valley. Learn what is going on, contribute to the discussions, and ensure that your enterprise is as "IoT-Ready" as it can be! Internet of @ThingsExpo, taking place Nov 3-5, 2015, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA, is co-located with 17th Cloud Expo and will feature technical sessions from a rock star conference faculty and the leading industry players in the world. The Internet of Things (IoT) is the most profound change in personal an...
All major researchers estimate there will be tens of billions devices - computers, smartphones, tablets, and sensors - connected to the Internet by 2020. This number will continue to grow at a rapid pace for the next several decades. With major technology companies and startups seriously embracing IoT strategies, now is the perfect time to attend @ThingsExpo, June 9-11, 2015, at the Javits Center in New York City. Learn what is going on, contribute to the discussions, and ensure that your enterprise is as "IoT-Ready" as it can be
Container frameworks, such as Docker, provide a variety of benefits, including density of deployment across infrastructure, convenience for application developers to push updates with low operational hand-holding, and a fairly well-defined deployment workflow that can be orchestrated. Container frameworks also enable a DevOps approach to application development by cleanly separating concerns between operations and development teams. But running multi-container, multi-server apps with containers is very hard. You have to learn five new and different technologies and best practices (libswarm, sy...
SYS-CON Events announced today that DragonGlass, an enterprise search platform, will exhibit at SYS-CON's 16th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on June 9-11, 2015, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY. After eleven years of designing and building custom applications, OpenCrowd has launched DragonGlass, a cloud-based platform that enables the development of search-based applications. These are a new breed of applications that utilize a search index as their backbone for data retrieval. They can easily adapt to new data sets and provide access to both structured and unstruc...
As the Internet of Things unfolds, mobile and wearable devices are blurring the line between physical and digital, integrating ever more closely with our interests, our routines, our daily lives. Contextual computing and smart, sensor-equipped spaces bring the potential to walk through a world that recognizes us and responds accordingly. We become continuous transmitters and receivers of data. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Andrew Bolwell, Director of Innovation for HP's Printing and Personal Systems Group, discussed how key attributes of mobile technology – touch input, sensors, social, and ...
WebRTC defines no default signaling protocol, causing fragmentation between WebRTC silos. SIP and XMPP provide possibilities, but come with considerable complexity and are not designed for use in a web environment. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Matthew Hodgson, technical co-founder of the Matrix.org, discussed how Matrix is a new non-profit Open Source Project that defines both a new HTTP-based standard for VoIP & IM signaling and provides reference implementations.
SYS-CON Events announced today that the "First Containers & Microservices Conference" will take place June 9-11, 2015, at the Javits Center in New York City. The “Second Containers & Microservices Conference” will take place November 3-5, 2015, at Santa Clara Convention Center, Santa Clara, CA. Containers and microservices have become topics of intense interest throughout the cloud developer and enterprise IT communities.
Buzzword alert: Microservices and IoT at a DevOps conference? What could possibly go wrong? In this Power Panel at DevOps Summit, moderated by Jason Bloomberg, the leading expert on architecting agility for the enterprise and president of Intellyx, panelists will peel away the buzz and discuss the important architectural principles behind implementing IoT solutions for the enterprise. As remote IoT devices and sensors become increasingly intelligent, they become part of our distributed cloud environment, and we must architect and code accordingly. At the very least, you'll have no problem fil...
Almost everyone sees the potential of Internet of Things but how can businesses truly unlock that potential. The key will be in the ability to discover business insight in the midst of an ocean of Big Data generated from billions of embedded devices via Systems of Discover. Businesses will also need to ensure that they can sustain that insight by leveraging the cloud for global reach, scale and elasticity.
The 4th International Internet of @ThingsExpo, co-located with the 17th International Cloud Expo - to be held November 3-5, 2015, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA - announces that its Call for Papers is open. The Internet of Things (IoT) is the biggest idea since the creation of the Worldwide Web more than 20 years ago.
"People are a lot more knowledgeable about APIs now. There are two types of people who work with APIs - IT people who want to use APIs for something internal and the product managers who want to do something outside APIs for people to connect to them," explained Roberto Medrano, Executive Vice President at SOA Software, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at Cloud Expo, held Nov 4–6, 2014, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA.
The 17th International Cloud Expo has announced that its Call for Papers is open. 17th International Cloud Expo, to be held November 3-5, 2015, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA, brings together Cloud Computing, APM, APIs, Microservices, Security, Big Data, Internet of Things, DevOps and WebRTC to one location. With cloud computing driving a higher percentage of enterprise IT budgets every year, it becomes increasingly important to plant your flag in this fast-expanding business opportunity. Submit your speaking proposal today!
In their session at @ThingsExpo, Shyam Varan Nath, Principal Architect at GE, and Ibrahim Gokcen, who leads GE's advanced IoT analytics, focused on the Internet of Things / Industrial Internet and how to make it operational for business end-users. Learn about the challenges posed by machine and sensor data and how to marry it with enterprise data. They also discussed the tips and tricks to provide the Industrial Internet as an end-user consumable service using Big Data Analytics and Industrial Cloud.
17th Cloud Expo, taking place Nov 3-5, 2015, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA, will feature technical sessions from a rock star conference faculty and the leading industry players in the world. Cloud computing is now being embraced by a majority of enterprises of all sizes. Yesterday's debate about public vs. private has transformed into the reality of hybrid cloud: a recent survey shows that 74% of enterprises have a hybrid cloud strategy. Meanwhile, 94% of enterprises are using some form of XaaS – software, platform, and infrastructure as a service.
Sensor-enabled things are becoming more commonplace, precursors to a larger and more complex framework that most consider the ultimate promise of the IoT: things connecting, interacting, sharing, storing, and over time perhaps learning and predicting based on habits, behaviors, location, preferences, purchases and more. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Tom Wesselman, Director of Communications Ecosystem Architecture at Plantronics, will examine the still nascent IoT as it is coalescing, including what it is today, what it might ultimately be, the role of wearable tech, and technology gaps stil...
The explosion of connected devices / sensors is creating an ever-expanding set of new and valuable data. In parallel the emerging capability of Big Data technologies to store, access, analyze, and react to this data is producing changes in business models under the umbrella of the Internet of Things (IoT). In particular within the Insurance industry, IoT appears positioned to enable deep changes by altering relationships between insurers, distributors, and the insured. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Michael Sick, a Senior Manager and Big Data Architect within Ernst and Young's Financial Servi...
The Workspace-as-a-Service (WaaS) market will grow to $6.4B by 2018. In his session at 16th Cloud Expo, Seth Bostock, CEO of IndependenceIT, will begin by walking the audience through the evolution of Workspace as-a-Service, where it is now vs. where it going. To look beyond the desktop we must understand exactly what WaaS is, who the users are, and where it is going in the future. IT departments, ISVs and service providers must look to workflow and automation capabilities to adapt to growing demand and the rapidly changing workspace model.
Since 2008 and for the first time in history, more than half of humans live in urban areas, urging cities to become “smart.” Today, cities can leverage the wide availability of smartphones combined with new technologies such as Beacons or NFC to connect their urban furniture and environment to create citizen-first services that improve transportation, way-finding and information delivery. In her session at @ThingsExpo, Laetitia Gazel-Anthoine, CEO of Connecthings, will focus on successful use cases.
One of the biggest impacts of the Internet of Things is and will continue to be on data; specifically data volume, management and usage. Companies are scrambling to adapt to this new and unpredictable data reality with legacy infrastructure that cannot handle the speed and volume of data. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Don DeLoach, CEO and president of Infobright, will discuss how companies need to rethink their data infrastructure to participate in the IoT, including: Data storage: Understanding the kinds of data: structured, unstructured, big/small? Analytics: What kinds and how responsiv...
Building low-cost wearable devices can enhance the quality of our lives. In his session at Internet of @ThingsExpo, Sai Yamanoor, Embedded Software Engineer at Altschool, provided an example of putting together a small keychain within a $50 budget that educates the user about the air quality in their surroundings. He also provided examples such as building a wearable device that provides transit or recreational information. He then reviewed the resources available to build wearable devices at home including open source hardware, the raw materials required and the options available to power s...