Welcome!

API Journal Authors: Elizabeth White, Luisa Milic, Liz McMillan, David Paquette, Rishi Bhargava

Blog Feed Post

Technology Drives the Autonomous Vehicle to Fruition

Will Smith in I, Robot

In the 2004 film, “I, Robot”, Will Smith played a techno-phobic cop in the year 2035. In the film, robots and automation dominated every aspect of human life. “I, Robot” was based on a work of fiction, and the speed of technological progression in the film seems like a stretch. However, advanced safety features designed to reduce the responsibilities of the driver autonomous driving has been developing since 1992.

Since 1992, the automotive industry has been increasing onboard technology with advanced safety features. While these features have undoubtedly made the road safer, they have also reduced the number of responsibilities of the driver. At this rate, the role of a driver will eventually change altogether. Based on current trends, the safest option will be auto-pilot and moving towards safer — and undoubtedly autonomous — vehicles.

Autonomous Parking

In 1992, Volkswagen first debuted its self-parking technology. This technology parked the VW’s Integrated Research Volkswagen (IRVW) Futura concept car with full automation. Since the entire process was being controlled by a PC in the trunk of the vehicle, the driver could get out of the vehicle while it parked itself. It was estimated this feature would have added $3,000 to the cost of any Volkswagen. Imagine seeing these futuristic vehicles in every Volkswagon dealership from Chapman Scottsdale to Burdick in Syracuse, self-parking into the lots after a test drive. While VW’s self-parking technology was never put into production, it was this technology that illuminated countless possibilities and started the talk of the fully autonomous vehicle.

Types of Parking Systems

Some parking systems utilize sensors located around your vehicle for transmitting and receiving signals. Once these signals are emitted, they are reflected off of objects to return to the sensor with distance and space implications based on the amount of time it took the signal to return. More advanced parking systems utilize cameras located around your vehicle or an advanced radar system to sense objects.

Adaptive Cruise Control

With adaptive cruise control (ACC), you’ll never worry about altering your cruise control speed to compensate for the molasses-like driver in front of you. Instead, your ACC will automatically adjust your cruise settings to keep a safe following distance. Once the vehicle is no longer in your path, your adaptive cruise control will automatically return to the initial speed.

ACC effectively uses laser and radar sensors to determine the distance and speed of vehicles in front of you. Unlike human drivers, ACC-enabled vehicles are unaffected by bad weather, such as rain or fog. With this single (but gargantuan) hazard minimized, it’s clear to see how much safer the roads will be.

However, safety is only the beginning of the benefits of adaptive cruise control. The New York Times published a study that offered the following beneficial insights:

  • When the road is operating at “peak capacity,” only 4.5 percent of the highway’s surface area is covered. Adaptive cruise control can increase the utilization of the highway’s surface area.
  • Instead of hearing, “Are we there yet?” ACC can decrease travel times by 37.5 percent.
  • The study revealed that if only one-fourth of vehicles were equipped with ACC, traffic delays and traffic jams would be decreased by an astonishing 20 percent.

Lane Departure Warning and Lane Keep Assist

Lane Keep Assist (LKA) or Lane Departure Warning (LDW) systems are designed to alert the driver if the vehicle veers out of its lane. LDW and LKA employs cameras and sensors to detect lane and road boundaries. These technologies have proven to be vital in preventing drivers from running off the road from exhaustion or other ailments. Considering one in five accidents involving commercial vehicles resulted from a side collision, LKA and LDW prevent vehicles from venturing into other lanes, which saves lives.

Researchers continue to search for more effective ways to sense boundaries, such as GPS, image processing and the most prominent method involving magnetic markers embedded in the road. Today’s standard LDW system uses a front-mounted camera to detect the road ahead. When LDW senses the driver will veer into another lane, the system makes sounds or vibrates to alert the driver. However, if the vehicle has Lane Keep Assist as an additional component, the system will intervene and correct the steering to keep the vehicle in its proper lane.

Autonomous Vehicle

For the last few years, Google has been testing more than 20 self-driving autonomous vehicles. The autonomous vehicle is able to sense its environment and maneuver around without assistance from a human. The completely autonomous vehicle combines all of the previously mentioned technologies with GPS, radar, lidar, and computer vision to sense its surroundings.

Advantages of Autonomy

  • Since humans are unpredictable, autonomous vehicles will lead to fewer accidents.
  • The roads will be less congested — there will be no need for safety gaps.
  • Speed limits will potentially be raised.
  • Occupant constraints related to intoxification, blindness, age and other factors would be removed.
  • Vehicle insurance would decrease, as well as the need for traffic police.

Potential Obstacles for Autonomous Vehicle

  • Unclear over who would be responsible for liability damages.
  • People do not want to give up their right to drive.
  • Questions about the legitimacy and reliability of the software.
  • Cyber security will also become a major issue and take on a much greater level of importance.
  • Neither federal nor state governments have any framework for governing or regulating autonomous vehicles.
  • All jobs that require a driver will be lost. In addition, all related occupations will be reduced or completely eliminated.

Read the original blog entry...

More Stories By Shelly Palmer

Shelly Palmer is the host of Fox Television’s "Shelly Palmer Digital Living" television show about living and working in a digital world. He is Fox 5′s (WNYW-TV New York) Tech Expert and the host of United Stations Radio Network’s, MediaBytes, a daily syndicated radio report that features insightful commentary and a unique insiders take on the biggest stories in technology, media, and entertainment.

@ThingsExpo Stories
SYS-CON Events announced today Telecom Reseller has been named “Media Sponsor” of SYS-CON's 19th International Cloud Expo, which will take place on November 1–3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. Telecom Reseller reports on Unified Communications, UCaaS, BPaaS for enterprise and SMBs. They report extensively on both customer premises based solutions such as IP-PBX as well as cloud based and hosted platforms.
Almost two-thirds of companies either have or soon will have IoT as the backbone of their business in 2016. However, IoT is far more complex than most firms expected. How can you not get trapped in the pitfalls? In his session at @ThingsExpo, Tony Shan, a renowned visionary and thought leader, will introduce a holistic method of IoTification, which is the process of IoTifying the existing technology and business models to adopt and leverage IoT. He will drill down to the components in this fra...
Pulzze Systems was happy to participate in such a premier event and thankful to be receiving the winning investment and global network support from G-Startup Worldwide. It is an exciting time for Pulzze to showcase the effectiveness of innovative technologies and enable them to make the world smarter and better. The reputable contest is held to identify promising startups around the globe that are assured to change the world through their innovative products and disruptive technologies. There w...
There is growing need for data-driven applications and the need for digital platforms to build these apps. In his session at 19th Cloud Expo, Muddu Sudhakar, VP and GM of Security & IoT at Splunk, will cover different PaaS solutions and Big Data platforms that are available to build applications. In addition, AI and machine learning are creating new requirements that developers need in the building of next-gen apps. The next-generation digital platforms have some of the past platform needs a...
With so much going on in this space you could be forgiven for thinking you were always working with yesterday’s technologies. So much change, so quickly. What do you do if you have to build a solution from the ground up that is expected to live in the field for at least 5-10 years? This is the challenge we faced when we looked to refresh our existing 10-year-old custom hardware stack to measure the fullness of trash cans and compactors.
The emerging Internet of Everything creates tremendous new opportunities for customer engagement and business model innovation. However, enterprises must overcome a number of critical challenges to bring these new solutions to market. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Michael Martin, CTO/CIO at nfrastructure, outlined these key challenges and recommended approaches for overcoming them to achieve speed and agility in the design, development and implementation of Internet of Everything solutions wi...
Today we can collect lots and lots of performance data. We build beautiful dashboards and even have fancy query languages to access and transform the data. Still performance data is a secret language only a couple of people understand. The more business becomes digital the more stakeholders are interested in this data including how it relates to business. Some of these people have never used a monitoring tool before. They have a question on their mind like “How is my application doing” but no id...
Cloud computing is being adopted in one form or another by 94% of enterprises today. Tens of billions of new devices are being connected to The Internet of Things. And Big Data is driving this bus. An exponential increase is expected in the amount of information being processed, managed, analyzed, and acted upon by enterprise IT. This amazing is not part of some distant future - it is happening today. One report shows a 650% increase in enterprise data by 2020. Other estimates are even higher....
Smart Cities are here to stay, but for their promise to be delivered, the data they produce must not be put in new siloes. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Mathias Herberts, Co-founder and CTO of Cityzen Data, will deep dive into best practices that will ensure a successful smart city journey.
Identity is in everything and customers are looking to their providers to ensure the security of their identities, transactions and data. With the increased reliance on cloud-based services, service providers must build security and trust into their offerings, adding value to customers and improving the user experience. Making identity, security and privacy easy for customers provides a unique advantage over the competition.
SYS-CON Events announced today that 910Telecom will exhibit at the 19th International Cloud Expo, which will take place on November 1–3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. Housed in the classic Denver Gas & Electric Building, 910 15th St., 910Telecom is a carrier-neutral telecom hotel located in the heart of Denver. Adjacent to CenturyLink, AT&T, and Denver Main, 910Telecom offers connectivity to all major carriers, Internet service providers, Internet backbones and ...
SYS-CON Events announced today that Pulzze Systems will exhibit at the 19th International Cloud Expo, which will take place on November 1–3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. Pulzze Systems, Inc. provides infrastructure products for the Internet of Things to enable any connected device and system to carry out matched operations without programming. For more information, visit http://www.pulzzesystems.com.
Data is an unusual currency; it is not restricted by the same transactional limitations as money or people. In fact, the more that you leverage your data across multiple business use cases, the more valuable it becomes to the organization. And the same can be said about the organization’s analytics. In his session at 19th Cloud Expo, Bill Schmarzo, CTO for the Big Data Practice at EMC, will introduce a methodology for capturing, enriching and sharing data (and analytics) across the organizati...
Internet of @ThingsExpo, taking place November 1-3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA, is co-located with 19th Cloud Expo and will feature technical sessions from a rock star conference faculty and the leading industry players in the world. The Internet of Things (IoT) is the most profound change in personal and enterprise IT since the creation of the Worldwide Web more than 20 years ago. All major researchers estimate there will be tens of billions devices - comp...
SYS-CON Events announced today that Adobe has been named “Bronze Sponsor” of SYS-CON's 18th Cloud Expo, which will take place on June 7-9, 2016, at the Javits Center in New York, New York. Adobe is changing the world though digital experiences. Adobe helps customers develop and deliver high-impact experiences that differentiate brands, build loyalty, and drive revenue across every screen, including smartphones, computers, tablets and TVs. Adobe content solutions are used daily by millions of co...
Why do your mobile transformations need to happen today? Mobile is the strategy that enterprise transformation centers on to drive customer engagement. In his general session at @ThingsExpo, Roger Woods, Director, Mobile Product & Strategy – Adobe Marketing Cloud, covered key IoT and mobile trends that are forcing mobile transformation, key components of a solid mobile strategy and explored how brands are effectively driving mobile change throughout the enterprise.
Data is the fuel that drives the machine learning algorithmic engines and ultimately provides the business value. In his session at Cloud Expo, Ed Featherston, a director and senior enterprise architect at Collaborative Consulting, will discuss the key considerations around quality, volume, timeliness, and pedigree that must be dealt with in order to properly fuel that engine.
19th Cloud Expo, taking place November 1-3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA, will feature technical sessions from a rock star conference faculty and the leading industry players in the world. Cloud computing is now being embraced by a majority of enterprises of all sizes. Yesterday's debate about public vs. private has transformed into the reality of hybrid cloud: a recent survey shows that 74% of enterprises have a hybrid cloud strategy. Meanwhile, 94% of enterpri...
DevOps at Cloud Expo, taking place Nov 1-3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA, is co-located with 19th Cloud Expo and will feature technical sessions from a rock star conference faculty and the leading industry players in the world. The widespread success of cloud computing is driving the DevOps revolution in enterprise IT. Now as never before, development teams must communicate and collaborate in a dynamic, 24/7/365 environment. There is no time to wait for long dev...
The 19th International Cloud Expo has announced that its Call for Papers is open. Cloud Expo, to be held November 1-3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA, brings together Cloud Computing, Big Data, Internet of Things, DevOps, Digital Transformation, Microservices and WebRTC to one location. With cloud computing driving a higher percentage of enterprise IT budgets every year, it becomes increasingly important to plant your flag in this fast-expanding business opportuni...