|By Shelly Palmer||
|February 13, 2014 05:59 PM EST||
In the 2004 film, “I, Robot”, Will Smith played a techno-phobic cop in the year 2035. In the film, robots and automation dominated every aspect of human life. “I, Robot” was based on a work of fiction, and the speed of technological progression in the film seems like a stretch. However, advanced safety features designed to reduce the responsibilities of the driver autonomous driving has been developing since 1992.
Since 1992, the automotive industry has been increasing onboard technology with advanced safety features. While these features have undoubtedly made the road safer, they have also reduced the number of responsibilities of the driver. At this rate, the role of a driver will eventually change altogether. Based on current trends, the safest option will be auto-pilot and moving towards safer — and undoubtedly autonomous — vehicles.
In 1992, Volkswagen first debuted its self-parking technology. This technology parked the VW’s Integrated Research Volkswagen (IRVW) Futura concept car with full automation. Since the entire process was being controlled by a PC in the trunk of the vehicle, the driver could get out of the vehicle while it parked itself. It was estimated this feature would have added $3,000 to the cost of any Volkswagen. Imagine seeing these futuristic vehicles in every Volkswagon dealership from Chapman Scottsdale to Burdick in Syracuse, self-parking into the lots after a test drive. While VW’s self-parking technology was never put into production, it was this technology that illuminated countless possibilities and started the talk of the fully autonomous vehicle.
Types of Parking Systems
Some parking systems utilize sensors located around your vehicle for transmitting and receiving signals. Once these signals are emitted, they are reflected off of objects to return to the sensor with distance and space implications based on the amount of time it took the signal to return. More advanced parking systems utilize cameras located around your vehicle or an advanced radar system to sense objects.
Adaptive Cruise Control
With adaptive cruise control (ACC), you’ll never worry about altering your cruise control speed to compensate for the molasses-like driver in front of you. Instead, your ACC will automatically adjust your cruise settings to keep a safe following distance. Once the vehicle is no longer in your path, your adaptive cruise control will automatically return to the initial speed.
ACC effectively uses laser and radar sensors to determine the distance and speed of vehicles in front of you. Unlike human drivers, ACC-enabled vehicles are unaffected by bad weather, such as rain or fog. With this single (but gargantuan) hazard minimized, it’s clear to see how much safer the roads will be.
However, safety is only the beginning of the benefits of adaptive cruise control. The New York Times published a study that offered the following beneficial insights:
- When the road is operating at “peak capacity,” only 4.5 percent of the highway’s surface area is covered. Adaptive cruise control can increase the utilization of the highway’s surface area.
- Instead of hearing, “Are we there yet?” ACC can decrease travel times by 37.5 percent.
- The study revealed that if only one-fourth of vehicles were equipped with ACC, traffic delays and traffic jams would be decreased by an astonishing 20 percent.
Lane Departure Warning and Lane Keep Assist
Lane Keep Assist (LKA) or Lane Departure Warning (LDW) systems are designed to alert the driver if the vehicle veers out of its lane. LDW and LKA employs cameras and sensors to detect lane and road boundaries. These technologies have proven to be vital in preventing drivers from running off the road from exhaustion or other ailments. Considering one in five accidents involving commercial vehicles resulted from a side collision, LKA and LDW prevent vehicles from venturing into other lanes, which saves lives.
Researchers continue to search for more effective ways to sense boundaries, such as GPS, image processing and the most prominent method involving magnetic markers embedded in the road. Today’s standard LDW system uses a front-mounted camera to detect the road ahead. When LDW senses the driver will veer into another lane, the system makes sounds or vibrates to alert the driver. However, if the vehicle has Lane Keep Assist as an additional component, the system will intervene and correct the steering to keep the vehicle in its proper lane.
For the last few years, Google has been testing more than 20 self-driving autonomous vehicles. The autonomous vehicle is able to sense its environment and maneuver around without assistance from a human. The completely autonomous vehicle combines all of the previously mentioned technologies with GPS, radar, lidar, and computer vision to sense its surroundings.
Advantages of Autonomy
- Since humans are unpredictable, autonomous vehicles will lead to fewer accidents.
- The roads will be less congested — there will be no need for safety gaps.
- Speed limits will potentially be raised.
- Occupant constraints related to intoxification, blindness, age and other factors would be removed.
- Vehicle insurance would decrease, as well as the need for traffic police.
Potential Obstacles for Autonomous Vehicle
- Unclear over who would be responsible for liability damages.
- People do not want to give up their right to drive.
- Questions about the legitimacy and reliability of the software.
- Cyber security will also become a major issue and take on a much greater level of importance.
- Neither federal nor state governments have any framework for governing or regulating autonomous vehicles.
- All jobs that require a driver will be lost. In addition, all related occupations will be reduced or completely eliminated.
Discover top technologies and tools all under one roof at April 24–28, 2017, at the Westin San Diego in San Diego, CA. Explore the Mobile Dev + Test and IoT Dev + Test Expo and enjoy all of these unique opportunities: The latest solutions, technologies, and tools in mobile or IoT software development and testing. Meet one-on-one with representatives from some of today's most innovative organizations
Jan. 16, 2017 12:00 PM EST Reads: 1,324
20th Cloud Expo, taking place June 6-8, 2017, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY, will feature technical sessions from a rock star conference faculty and the leading industry players in the world. Cloud computing is now being embraced by a majority of enterprises of all sizes. Yesterday's debate about public vs. private has transformed into the reality of hybrid cloud: a recent survey shows that 74% of enterprises have a hybrid cloud strategy.
Jan. 16, 2017 11:30 AM EST Reads: 4,117
SYS-CON Events announced today that Super Micro Computer, Inc., a global leader in Embedded and IoT solutions, will exhibit at SYS-CON's 20th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on June 7-9, 2017, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY. Supermicro (NASDAQ: SMCI), the leading innovator in high-performance, high-efficiency server technology, is a premier provider of advanced server Building Block Solutions® for Data Center, Cloud Computing, Enterprise IT, Hadoop/Big Data, HPC and E...
Jan. 16, 2017 11:30 AM EST Reads: 5,656
SYS-CON Events announced today that Linux Academy, the foremost online Linux and cloud training platform and community, will exhibit at SYS-CON's 20th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on June 6-8, 2017, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY. Linux Academy was founded on the belief that providing high-quality, in-depth training should be available at an affordable price. Industry leaders in quality training, provided services, and student certification passes, its goal is to c...
Jan. 16, 2017 11:30 AM EST Reads: 1,839
IoT is at the core or many Digital Transformation initiatives with the goal of re-inventing a company's business model. We all agree that collecting relevant IoT data will result in massive amounts of data needing to be stored. However, with the rapid development of IoT devices and ongoing business model transformation, we are not able to predict the volume and growth of IoT data. And with the lack of IoT history, traditional methods of IT and infrastructure planning based on the past do not app...
Jan. 16, 2017 11:27 AM EST Reads: 129
WebRTC is the future of browser-to-browser communications, and continues to make inroads into the traditional, difficult, plug-in web communications world. The 6th WebRTC Summit continues our tradition of delivering the latest and greatest presentations within the world of WebRTC. Topics include voice calling, video chat, P2P file sharing, and use cases that have already leveraged the power and convenience of WebRTC.
Jan. 16, 2017 08:30 AM EST Reads: 3,009
"A lot of times people will come to us and have a very diverse set of requirements or very customized need and we'll help them to implement it in a fashion that you can't just buy off of the shelf," explained Nick Rose, CTO of Enzu, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at 18th Cloud Expo, held June 7-9, 2016, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY.
Jan. 16, 2017 06:30 AM EST Reads: 4,483
WebRTC sits at the intersection between VoIP and the Web. As such, it poses some interesting challenges for those developing services on top of it, but also for those who need to test and monitor these services. In his session at WebRTC Summit, Tsahi Levent-Levi, co-founder of testRTC, reviewed the various challenges posed by WebRTC when it comes to testing and monitoring and on ways to overcome them.
Jan. 16, 2017 06:30 AM EST Reads: 5,831
Every successful software product evolves from an idea to an enterprise system. Notably, the same way is passed by the product owner's company. In his session at 20th Cloud Expo, Oleg Lola, CEO of MobiDev, will provide a generalized overview of the evolution of a software product, the product owner, the needs that arise at various stages of this process, and the value brought by a software development partner to the product owner as a response to these needs.
Jan. 16, 2017 05:30 AM EST Reads: 1,079
WebRTC services have already permeated corporate communications in the form of videoconferencing solutions. However, WebRTC has the potential of going beyond and catalyzing a new class of services providing more than calls with capabilities such as mass-scale real-time media broadcasting, enriched and augmented video, person-to-machine and machine-to-machine communications. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Luis Lopez, CEO of Kurento, introduced the technologies required for implementing these idea...
Jan. 16, 2017 04:30 AM EST Reads: 4,487
The WebRTC Summit New York, to be held June 6-8, 2017, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY, announces that its Call for Papers is now open. Topics include all aspects of improving IT delivery by eliminating waste through automated business models leveraging cloud technologies. WebRTC Summit is co-located with 20th International Cloud Expo and @ThingsExpo. WebRTC is the future of browser-to-browser communications, and continues to make inroads into the traditional, difficult, plug-in web co...
Jan. 16, 2017 03:30 AM EST Reads: 2,836
The Internet of Things will challenge the status quo of how IT and development organizations operate. Or will it? Certainly the fog layer of IoT requires special insights about data ontology, security and transactional integrity. But the developmental challenges are the same: People, Process and Platform. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Craig Sproule, CEO of Metavine, demonstrated how to move beyond today's coding paradigm and shared the must-have mindsets for removing complexity from the develop...
Jan. 16, 2017 03:30 AM EST Reads: 5,227
While not quite mainstream yet, WebRTC is starting to gain ground with Carriers, Enterprises and Independent Software Vendors (ISV’s) alike. WebRTC makes it easy for developers to add audio and video communications into their applications by using Web browsers as their platform. But like any market, every customer engagement has unique requirements, as well as constraints. And of course, one size does not fit all. In her session at WebRTC Summit, Dr. Natasha Tamaskar, Vice President, Head of C...
Jan. 16, 2017 03:15 AM EST Reads: 5,733
Who are you? How do you introduce yourself? Do you use a name, or do you greet a friend by the last four digits of his social security number? Assuming you don’t, why are we content to associate our identity with 10 random digits assigned by our phone company? Identity is an issue that affects everyone, but as individuals we don’t spend a lot of time thinking about it. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Ben Klang, Founder & President of Mojo Lingo, discussed the impact of technology on identity. Sho...
Jan. 16, 2017 02:30 AM EST Reads: 3,921
DevOps is being widely accepted (if not fully adopted) as essential in enterprise IT. But as Enterprise DevOps gains maturity, expands scope, and increases velocity, the need for data-driven decisions across teams becomes more acute. DevOps teams in any modern business must wrangle the ‘digital exhaust’ from the delivery toolchain, "pervasive" and "cognitive" computing, APIs and services, mobile devices and applications, the Internet of Things, and now even blockchain. In this power panel at @...
Jan. 16, 2017 01:45 AM EST Reads: 2,666
With all the incredible momentum behind the Internet of Things (IoT) industry, it is easy to forget that not a single CEO wakes up and wonders if “my IoT is broken.” What they wonder is if they are making the right decisions to do all they can to increase revenue, decrease costs, and improve customer experience – effectively the same challenges they have always had in growing their business. The exciting thing about the IoT industry is now these decisions can be better, faster, and smarter. Now ...
Jan. 16, 2017 01:15 AM EST Reads: 4,152
WebRTC is about the data channel as much as about video and audio conferencing. However, basically all commercial WebRTC applications have been built with a focus on audio and video. The handling of “data” has been limited to text chat and file download – all other data sharing seems to end with screensharing. What is holding back a more intensive use of peer-to-peer data? In her session at @ThingsExpo, Dr Silvia Pfeiffer, WebRTC Applications Team Lead at National ICT Australia, looked at differ...
Jan. 16, 2017 12:00 AM EST Reads: 4,786
Internet of @ThingsExpo, taking place June 6-8, 2017 at the Javits Center in New York City, New York, is co-located with the 20th International Cloud Expo and will feature technical sessions from a rock star conference faculty and the leading industry players in the world. @ThingsExpo New York Call for Papers is now open.
Jan. 15, 2017 10:15 PM EST Reads: 3,496
WebRTC has had a real tough three or four years, and so have those working with it. Only a few short years ago, the development world were excited about WebRTC and proclaiming how awesome it was. You might have played with the technology a couple of years ago, only to find the extra infrastructure requirements were painful to implement and poorly documented. This probably left a bitter taste in your mouth, especially when things went wrong.
Jan. 15, 2017 08:45 PM EST Reads: 7,388
A critical component of any IoT project is what to do with all the data being generated. This data needs to be captured, processed, structured, and stored in a way to facilitate different kinds of queries. Traditional data warehouse and analytical systems are mature technologies that can be used to handle certain kinds of queries, but they are not always well suited to many problems, particularly when there is a need for real-time insights.
Jan. 15, 2017 07:00 PM EST Reads: 6,132