Click here to close now.




















Welcome!

API Journal Authors: Elizabeth White, Carmen Gonzalez, Liz McMillan, AppDynamics Blog, Vormetric Blog

Blog Feed Post

10 « ex bonnes pratiques » à abandonner et... 10 bonnes résolutions pour 2014. Quatrième partie : les usages

 

IT applicationsDans la première partie de cette série de billets, je présente les 10 « ex bonnes pratiques » à abandonner en 2014.

Dans la deuxième partie, je propose trois NBP, « Nouvelles Bonnes Pratiques » concernant les postes de travail. 

La troisième partie définit la NBP relative au Cloud Privé.

Dans cette quatrième partie, j’aborde les NBP, alternatives aux « ex bonnes pratiques » relatives aux applications :

  • 5 - Solutions intégrées
  • 6 - Unicité des solutions
  • 7 - Le tout ERP
  • 8 - Applications Client / Serveur

  

Une approche composants

NBP 5 : L’entreprise sélectionne en priorité des composants applicatifs SaaS, « best of breed » 

Car componentsDans un monde industriel, l’excellence oblige les fournisseurs à se spécialiser

Michelin ou PIrelli fabriquent d’excellents pneumatiques, Valéo fabrique d’excellents systèmes de freinage, Faurecia fabrique d’excellents sièges... Il ne viendrait à l’esprit de personne de demander à Michelin de fabriquer des sièges.

Les fournisseurs informatiques, en s’industrialisant, doivent suivre un chemin similaire et se spécialiser s’ils veulent rester les meilleurs. L’idée même qu’un fournisseur soit capable de proposer toutes les applications dont a besoin une entreprise est une illusion dangereuse, qui a été longtemps poussée par les vendeurs de « solutions intégrées ».

OligopoleDans chaque grand domaine applicatif, commercial, RH, finances, gestion de projets... il existe aujourd’hui des solutions SaaS de grande qualité. Le marché est souvent dans une structure d’oligopole, où deux à cinq fournisseurs prennent l’essentiel du marché, comme c’est le plus souvent le cas dans les grandes industries.

  

Variété des solutions

NBP 6 : les clients internes de l’entreprise peuvent choisir leurs applications dans un catalogue très riche proposé par la DSI.

Rayonnage-a-pneuLe mot variété fait encore très peur dans de nombreuses directions informatiques alors que c’est par la variété que l’on arrive à rendre un meilleur service à ses clients.

Cette variété ne doit pas s’arrêter aux familles de solutions : il est souvent nécessaire de proposer plusieurs produits pour répondre à un même besoin !

Logos gestion projetsPour illustrer cette démarche, je prendrai l’exemple des solutions SaaS de gestion de projet :

  • Pour des projets de taille raisonnable, quelques personnes pendant 3 à 6 mois, Basecamp ou Smartsheets sont d’excellents choix.
  • Pour de grands projets, il est nécessaire de proposer une solution plus puissante, telle que Clarizen.
  • Jama est une solution récente pour les projets très complexes ; ce logiciel est utilisé pour le projet SpaceX, la société spatiale privée lancée par Elon Musk, le créateur de la voiture électrique Tesla.

Utiliser Clarizen pour un petit projet, c’est déraisonnable et très coûteux ; proposer Basecamp pour planifier la construction d’une nouvelle raffinerie est tout aussi ridicule.

  

Agrégation de composants

NBP 7 : L’entreprise construit un Système d’Information performant en agrégeant de nombreux composants.

Phones  ComposantsPour des équipes informatiques habituées à déployer des ERP monolithiques, l’idée même d’avoir à assembler des composants fait peur, et c’est très compréhensible.

L’agrégation de composants logiciels est un nouveau métier, passionnant et à forte valeur ajoutée. La bonne nouvelle, c’est que l’industrie moderne des solutions SaaS propose toute une panoplie d’outils performants, API et connecteurs, qui rendent maintenant possible ce qui n’était qu’un rêve dans l’Ancien Monde pré-SaaS.

Gartner on Legacy ERPMême le Gartner Group a fini par reconnaître que les ERP appartenaient maintenant au monde « legacy », démodé et dangereux pour la performance des entreprises.

Je vous propose une nouvelle traduction des trois lettres ERP : 

    ERP = Entreprise en Retard Permanent

 

Toutes les applications depuis un navigateur

NBP 8 : L’entreprise propose une place de marché interne de WebApps, sur le modèle des stores du Web (Apple Store, Google Play...)

HTML5 + WebAppsLe navigateur est devenu la passerelle entre les infrastructures et les usages. Tous les objets d’accès, PC, smartphones, tablettes... disposent d’un navigateur moderne. 

Si toutes les applications sont accessibles depuis un navigateur, l’indépendance entre les infrastructures et les applications devient effective et pérenne.

Cette indépendance est l’une des clefs du futur de l’informatique, car elle permet de désynchroniser les évolutions des usages et des infrastructures :

  • Un nouvel objet d’accès apparaît sur le marché ? Je peux, s’il apporte de la valeur, le proposer à mes clients internes et externes pour accéder à toutes les applications existantes.
  • Une nouvelle application apparaît sur le marché ? Je peux, si elle apporte de la valeur, la proposer à mes clients internes et externes qui peuvent l’utiliser depuis tous les objets d’accès existants.

C’est une excellente nouvelle pour toutes les entreprises, c’est une très mauvaise nouvelle pour les fournisseurs qui essaient de créer des adhérences fortes à leurs objets d’accès avec des applications spécifiques.

Ceva App Store Home PageFrançois Tricot, DSI de CEVA, société du monde de la santé animale, est l’un des premiers DSI à avoir mis en œuvre cette démarche depuis plusieurs années, en créant une place de marché applicative CEVA.

 

Synthèse

L’industrialisation des usages, des applications, est une excellente nouvelle pour les entreprises.

SaaS agregationLa variété des solutions, toutes accessibles depuis un navigateur, une démarche composants que l’on peut agréger, ces quelques NBP, Nouvelles Bonnes Pratiques, permettent de construire des Systèmes d’information évolutifs, flexibles et pérennes.

Dans la cinquième partie, j’aborderai les « ex bonnes pratiques » 9 et 10, relatives aux management des Systèmes d’Information. 

 

Read the original blog entry...

More Stories By Louis Nauges

Louis Naugès is Founder & President of Revevol, the first European Consulting organization 100% dedicated to SaaS and Cloud Computing. He has 30 years of IT experience. Very few people in Europe have his knowledge and expertise in Cloud & SaaS technologies and applications. He works directly with CIOs of very large organizations. Revevol is the first EMEA distributor of Google Apps and the largest worldwide organization deploying Google Apps is one of Revevol's clients.

@ThingsExpo Stories
All major researchers estimate there will be tens of billions devices - computers, smartphones, tablets, and sensors - connected to the Internet by 2020. This number will continue to grow at a rapid pace for the next several decades. With major technology companies and startups seriously embracing IoT strategies, now is the perfect time to attend @ThingsExpo, November 3-5, 2015, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. Learn what is going on, contribute to the discussions, and ensure that your enterprise is as "IoT-Ready" as it can be.
With the Apple Watch making its way onto wrists all over the world, it’s only a matter of time before it becomes a staple in the workplace. In fact, Forrester reported that 68 percent of technology and business decision-makers characterize wearables as a top priority for 2015. Recognizing their business value early on, FinancialForce.com was the first to bring ERP to wearables, helping streamline communication across front and back office functions. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Kevin Roberts, GM of Platform at FinancialForce.com, will discuss the value of business applications on wearable ...
Containers are not new, but renewed commitments to performance, flexibility, and agility have propelled them to the top of the agenda today. By working without the need for virtualization and its overhead, containers are seen as the perfect way to deploy apps and services across multiple clouds. Containers can handle anything from file types to operating systems and services, including microservices. What are microservices? Unlike what the name implies, microservices are not necessarily small, but are focused on specific tasks. The ability for developers to deploy multiple containers – thous...
SYS-CON Events announced today that Micron Technology, Inc., a global leader in advanced semiconductor systems, will exhibit at the 17th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on November 3–5, 2015, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. Micron’s broad portfolio of high-performance memory technologies – including DRAM, NAND and NOR Flash – is the basis for solid state drives, modules, multichip packages and other system solutions. Backed by more than 35 years of technology leadership, Micron's memory solutions enable the world's most innovative computing, consumer,...
17th Cloud Expo, taking place Nov 3-5, 2015, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA, will feature technical sessions from a rock star conference faculty and the leading industry players in the world. Cloud computing is now being embraced by a majority of enterprises of all sizes. Yesterday's debate about public vs. private has transformed into the reality of hybrid cloud: a recent survey shows that 74% of enterprises have a hybrid cloud strategy. Meanwhile, 94% of enterprises are using some form of XaaS – software, platform, and infrastructure as a service.
While many app developers are comfortable building apps for the smartphone, there is a whole new world out there. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Narayan Sainaney, Co-founder and CTO of Mojio, will discuss how the business case for connected car apps is growing and, with open platform companies having already done the heavy lifting, there really is no barrier to entry.
SYS-CON Events announced today that the "Second Containers & Microservices Expo" will take place November 3-5, 2015, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. Containers and microservices have become topics of intense interest throughout the cloud developer and enterprise IT communities.
Consumer IoT applications provide data about the user that just doesn’t exist in traditional PC or mobile web applications. This rich data, or “context,” enables the highly personalized consumer experiences that characterize many consumer IoT apps. This same data is also providing brands with unprecedented insight into how their connected products are being used, while, at the same time, powering highly targeted engagement and marketing opportunities. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Nathan Treloar, President and COO of Bebaio, will explore examples of brands transforming their businesses by t...
As more intelligent IoT applications shift into gear, they’re merging into the ever-increasing traffic flow of the Internet. It won’t be long before we experience bottlenecks, as IoT traffic peaks during rush hours. Organizations that are unprepared will find themselves by the side of the road unable to cross back into the fast lane. As billions of new devices begin to communicate and exchange data – will your infrastructure be scalable enough to handle this new interconnected world?
WebRTC services have already permeated corporate communications in the form of videoconferencing solutions. However, WebRTC has the potential of going beyond and catalyzing a new class of services providing more than calls with capabilities such as mass-scale real-time media broadcasting, enriched and augmented video, person-to-machine and machine-to-machine communications. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Luis Lopez, CEO of Kurento, will introduce the technologies required for implementing these ideas and some early experiments performed in the Kurento open source software community in areas ...
Akana has announced the availability of the new Akana Healthcare Solution. The API-driven solution helps healthcare organizations accelerate their transition to being secure, digitally interoperable businesses. It leverages the Health Level Seven International Fast Healthcare Interoperability Resources (HL7 FHIR) standard to enable broader business use of medical data. Akana developed the Healthcare Solution in response to healthcare businesses that want to increase electronic, multi-device access to health records while reducing operating costs and complying with government regulations.
The Internet of Things is in the early stages of mainstream deployment but it promises to unlock value and rapidly transform how organizations manage, operationalize, and monetize their assets. IoT is a complex structure of hardware, sensors, applications, analytics and devices that need to be able to communicate geographically and across all functions. Once the data is collected from numerous endpoints, the challenge then becomes converting it into actionable insight.
With major technology companies and startups seriously embracing IoT strategies, now is the perfect time to attend @ThingsExpo in Silicon Valley. Learn what is going on, contribute to the discussions, and ensure that your enterprise is as "IoT-Ready" as it can be! Internet of @ThingsExpo, taking place Nov 3-5, 2015, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA, is co-located with 17th Cloud Expo and will feature technical sessions from a rock star conference faculty and the leading industry players in the world. The Internet of Things (IoT) is the most profound change in personal an...
WebRTC has had a real tough three or four years, and so have those working with it. Only a few short years ago, the development world were excited about WebRTC and proclaiming how awesome it was. You might have played with the technology a couple of years ago, only to find the extra infrastructure requirements were painful to implement and poorly documented. This probably left a bitter taste in your mouth, especially when things went wrong.
The 3rd International WebRTC Summit, to be held Nov. 4–6, 2014, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA, announces that its Call for Papers is now open. Topics include all aspects of improving IT delivery by eliminating waste through automated business models leveraging cloud technologies. WebRTC Summit is co-located with 15th International Cloud Expo, 6th International Big Data Expo, 3rd International DevOps Summit and 2nd Internet of @ThingsExpo. WebRTC (Web-based Real-Time Communication) is an open source project supported by Google, Mozilla and Opera that aims to enable bro...
Through WebRTC, audio and video communications are being embedded more easily than ever into applications, helping carriers, enterprises and independent software vendors deliver greater functionality to their end users. With today’s business world increasingly focused on outcomes, users’ growing calls for ease of use, and businesses craving smarter, tighter integration, what’s the next step in delivering a richer, more immersive experience? That richer, more fully integrated experience comes about through a Communications Platform as a Service which allows for messaging, screen sharing, video...
The 17th International Cloud Expo has announced that its Call for Papers is open. 17th International Cloud Expo, to be held November 3-5, 2015, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA, brings together Cloud Computing, APM, APIs, Microservices, Security, Big Data, Internet of Things, DevOps and WebRTC to one location. With cloud computing driving a higher percentage of enterprise IT budgets every year, it becomes increasingly important to plant your flag in this fast-expanding business opportunity. Submit your speaking proposal today!
In his session at @ThingsExpo, Lee Williams, a producer of the first smartphones and tablets, will talk about how he is now applying his experience in mobile technology to the design and development of the next generation of Environmental and Sustainability Services at ETwater. He will explain how M2M controllers work through wirelessly connected remote controls; and specifically delve into a retrofit option that reverse-engineers control codes of existing conventional controller systems so they don't have to be replaced and are instantly converted to become smart, connected devices.
SYS-CON Events announced today that IceWarp will exhibit at the 17th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on November 3–5, 2015, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. IceWarp, the leader of cloud and on-premise messaging, delivers secured email, chat, documents, conferencing and collaboration to today's mobile workforce, all in one unified interface
SYS-CON Events announced today the Containers & Microservices Bootcamp, being held November 3-4, 2015, in conjunction with 17th Cloud Expo, @ThingsExpo, and @DevOpsSummit at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. This is your chance to get started with the latest technology in the industry. Combined with real-world scenarios and use cases, the Containers and Microservices Bootcamp, led by Janakiram MSV, a Microsoft Regional Director, will include presentations as well as hands-on demos and comprehensive walkthroughs.