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Open Source Cloud: Article

The OpenNebula Position on the OpenStack Announcement

Our Commitment to an Open Source Cloud Ecosysem

As many of you know, a new open-source cloud platform, OpenStack, was recently announced. Here at OpenNebula, we think this is a very exciting development in the cloud community, and we're glad to see so many major players coalescing around an open-source solution. However, we have also been concerned by the all the high-profile announcements and opinion pieces that describe OpenStack as the first initiative for the definition of an open architecture for IaaS cloud computing and a "real" open-source projectcriticizing some existing open-source cloud projects as being "open-core" closed initiatives (in some cases conflating "open-core" with "having an Enterprise edition"), and pointing out their lack of extensibility and inability to efficiently scale to manage tens of thousand of VMs. This is the reason why we have decided to write this post in order to clearly state our position in order to avoid misunderstandings, particularly with our growing community of users.

OpenNebula is and always will be 100% Apache-licensed Open-Source Software
OpenNebula was first established as a research project back in 2005, with  first public release in March 2008. We have a strong commitment with open-source, being one of the few cloud management tools that are available under Apache license. The Apache license allows any Cloud and virtualization player to innovate using the technology without the obligation to contribute those innovations back to the open source community (although we encourage that this work be contributed back to the community). This is the case for many third-party commercial products that embed OpenNebula.

OpenNebula is NOT "Open Core"
C12G Labs
is a new start-up that has been created to provide the professional integration, certification and technical support that many enterprise IT shops require for internal adoption and to allow the OpenNebula project to not be tied exclusively to public financing (research grants, etc.), contributing to its long-term sustainability. Although C12G Labs does provide an Enterprise edition of OpenNebula, all software extensions and patches created by C12G (distributed in the Enterprise Edition of OpenNebula to support customers and partners) are fully contributed back to OpenNebula and its ecosystem under an OSI-compliant license. So OpenNebula is NOT a feature or performance limited edition of the Enterprise version. C12G Labs contributes to the sustainability of the community edition and is committed to enlarge the OpenNebula community. C12G Labs dedicates an amount of its own engineering resources to support and develop OpenNebula and so to maintain OpenNebula's position as the leading and most advanced open-source technology to build cloud infrastructures.

OpenNebula is an Open-Source Community

The OpenNebula technology has matured thanks to an active and engaged community of users and developers. OpenNebula development is driven by our community in order to support the most demanded features and by international research projects funding OpenNebula in order to address the demanding requirements of several business and scientific use cases for Cloud Computing. We have also created the OpenNebula ecosystem where related tools, extensions and plug-ins are available from and for the community.

OpenNebula is a Production-ready and Highly-scalable Technology
OpenNebula is an open-source project aimed at developing a production-ready cloud management tool for building any type of Cloud deployment, either in scientific or in business environments. OpenNebula releases are tested to assess its scalability and robustness in large scale VM deployments, and under stress conditions. Of course, you don't have to take our word for it: several users have reported excellent performance results to manage tens of thousands of VMs. We have been encouraging some of these users to write on our blog about their experiences with OpenNebula. So far, you can read this recent blog post on how OpenNebula is being used at CERN, with more user experiences blog posts to follow soon.

OpenNebula is a Flexible and Extensible Toolkit
Because two datacenters are not the same, OpenNebula offers a open, flexible and extensible architecture, interfaces and components that fit into any existing data center; and enable its integration with any product and service in the Cloud and virtualization ecosystem, and management tool in the datacenter. OpenNebula is a framework, you can replace and adapt any component to efficiently work in any environment.

OpenNebula is Hypervisor Agnostic and Standards-based
OpenNebula provides an abstraction layer independent from underlying services for security, virtualization, networking and storage, avoiding vendor lock-in and enabling interoperability. OpenNebula is not only built on standards, but has also provided reference implementation of open community specifications, such us the OGF Open Cloud Computing Interface. OpenNebula additionally leverages the ecosystems being built around most popular cloud interfaces, Amazon AWS, OGC OCCI and VMware vCloud

OpenNebula Implements an Open Architecture Defined by Major Players in the Cloud Arena
OpenNebula is the result of many years of research and the interaction with some of the major players in the Cloud arena. This technology has been designed to address the requirements of business use cases from leading companies in the context of flagship international projects in cloud computing. The main international project funding OpenNebula is RESERVOIR. OpenNebula is an implementation of the IaaS management layer of the RESERVOIR open architecture defined by its partners: IBM, Telefonica Investigacion y Desarrollo, University College of London, Umeå University, SAP AG, Thales Services SAS, Sun Microsystems Germany, ElsagDatamat S.p.A,  Universidad Complutense de Madrid, CETIC, Universita Della Svizzera italiana, Universita degli Studio di Messina,  and the European Chapter of the Open Grid Forum. The outcome of this collaboration is the unique functionality provided by OpenNebula.

OpenNebula will Continue Incorporating State-of-the-Art Features Demanded by Major Players
OpenNebula is used, together with other software components, in new international innovative projects in Cloud Computing. StratusLab with the participation of  Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Universidad Complutense de Madrid,  Greek Research and Technology Network S.A., SixSq Sárl, Telefonica Investigacion y Desarrollo and Trinity College Dublin, aimed at bringing cloud and virtualization to grid computing infrastructures. BonFIRE with the participation of Atos Origin, University of Edinburgh, SAP AG,  Universitaet Stuttgart, FRAUNHOFER, Interdisciplinary Institute for Broadband Technology,  Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Fundacio Privada I2CAT, Hewlett-Packard Limited, The 451 Group Limited, Technische Universitaet Berlin, IT-Innovation, and Institut National de Recherche en Informatique et en Automatique, aimed at designing, building and operating a multi-site cloud-based facility to support research across applications, services and systems targeting services research community on Future Internet;. And many others, such as 4CaaSt with the participation of UPM, 2nd Quadrant Limited, BonitaSoft, Bull SAS, Telefónica Investigación y Desarrollo, Ericsson GMBH, FlexiScale, France Telecom, Universitat St Gallen, ICCS/NTUA, Nokia Siemens Networks, SAP AG, Telecom Italia, UCM, Universitaet Stuutgart, UvT-EISS, and ZIB, aimed at creating an advanced PaaS Cloud platform which supports the optimized and elastic hosting of Internet-scale multi-tier applications.

*   *   *

All that said, we'd like to reiterate that we strongly support initiatives like OpenStack. This open source initiative is fully aligned with our vision on what the cloud ecosystem should look like, and we will be happy to contribute to OpenStack with our significant track record in open source and scalable cloud computing management, and with an implementation of  the open APIs that will be defined in the context of the OpenStack architecture. However, we felt that some of the buzz surrounding OpenStack unfairly characterized existing open source efforts, and felt it was necessary to reiterate our commitment to an open source cloud ecosystem.

Ignacio M. Llorente, on behalf of the OpenNebula project

Disclaimer: The above represent our position, and may not reflect the positions of any of the projects and organizations referenced in the post.

More Stories By Ignacio M. Llorente

Dr. Llorente is Director of the OpenNebula Project and CEO & co-founder at C12G Labs. He is an entrepreneur and researcher in the field of cloud and distributed computing, having managed several international projects and initiatives on Cloud Computing, and authored many articles in the leading journals and proceedings books. Dr. Llorente is one of the pioneers and world's leading authorities on Cloud Computing. He has held several appointments as independent expert and consultant for the European Commission and several companies and national governments. He has given many keynotes and invited talks in the main international events in cloud computing, has served on several Groups of Experts on Cloud Computing convened by international organizations, such as the European Commission and the World Economic Forum, and has contributed to several Cloud Computing panels and roadmaps. He founded and co-chaired the Open Grid Forum Working Group on Open Cloud Computing Interface, and has participated in the main European projects in Cloud Computing. Llorente holds a Ph.D in Computer Science (UCM) and an Executive MBA (IE Business School), and is a Full Professor (Catedratico) and the Head of the Distributed Systems Architecture Group at UCM.

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